Difference between revisions of "Surface Module"

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[[Image:Workbench_Surface.svg|thumb|128px|Surface workbench icon]]
 
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== Introduction == <!--T:11-->
 
== Introduction == <!--T:11-->
  
 
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The [[Image:Workbench_Surface.svg|24px]] [[Surface_Workbench|Surface Workbench]] introduced in FreeCAD 0.17 provides tools to create and modify simple [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-uniform_rational_B-spline NURBS surfaces]. These tools have a similar functionality to the {{Button|[[File:Part Builder.svg|16px]] [[Part_Builder|Part Builder]]}} tool when the {{MenuCommand|Face from edges}} option is used. However, unlike that tool, the tools of the Surface Workbench are parametric and provide additional options. In this respect, the tools in this workbench are similar to {{Button|[[File:PartDesign_AdditiveLoft.svg|16px]] [[PartDesign_AdditiveLoft|PartDesign AdditiveLoft]]}} and {{Button|[[File:PartDesign_AdditivePipe.svg|16px]] [[PartDesign_AdditivePipe|PartDesign AdditivePipe]]}}.
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The [[Image:Workbench_Surface.svg|24px]] [[Surface_Workbench|Surface Workbench]] provides tools to create and modify simple [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-uniform_rational_B-spline NURBS surfaces]. These tools have a similar functionality to the {{Button|[[File:Part Builder.svg|16px]] [[Part_Builder|Part Builder]]}} tool when the {{MenuCommand|Face from edges}} option is used. However, unlike that tool, the tools of the Surface Workbench are parametric and provide additional options. In this respect, the tools in this workbench are similar to {{Button|[[File:PartDesign_AdditiveLoft.svg|16px]] [[PartDesign_AdditiveLoft|PartDesign AdditiveLoft]]}} and {{Button|[[File:PartDesign_AdditivePipe.svg|16px]] [[PartDesign_AdditivePipe|PartDesign AdditivePipe]]}}.
  
 
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The Surface Workbench intends to create faces with shapes, which is not possible to do with the standard tools in other workbenches. The OCCT kernel gives as example a rectangular box with a rounded corners of different radii.
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The Surface Workbench intends to create faces with shapes, which is not possible to do with the standard tools in other workbenches.
  
 
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The Surface Workbench integrates with other workbenches of FreeCAD. The above example was created from [[Sketcher Workbench|sketches]] placed on [[PartDesign Plane|datum planes]] in the [[PartDesign Workbench|PartDesign Workbench]]. The design can be fully parametric, when all datum planes and sketches are defined accordingly. In most cases it is sufficient with drawing a closed sketch to define the border for a face; then options are available to further modify its shape.
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The Surface Workbench integrates with other workbenches of FreeCAD. The above example was created from {{Button|[[File:Sketcher_NewSketch.svg|16px]] [[Sketch|Sketches]]}} placed on {{Button|[[File:PartDesign_Plane.svg|16px]] [[PartDesign_Plane|PartDesign Datum planes]]}} in the [[File:Workbench_PartDesign.svg|24px]] [[PartDesign_Workbench|PartDesign Workbench]]. The design can be fully parametric if all datum planes and sketches are defined accordingly. In most cases it is sufficient to draw a closed sketch to define the boundary of a face, and then use different options to further modify its shape.
  
 
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The current state of FreeCAD (v0.17) does not allow to place the surfaces into a [[PartDesign Body|PartDesign Body]]. However, the surfaces can be placed inside of a [[Std Part|Std Part]] container together with the [[PartDesign Body]] which holds all datum planes and sketches. The non parametric [[Part Builder|Part Shapebuilder]] tool must still be used in order to create a [[Glossary#Shell|shell]] and a regular [[Glossary#Solid|solid]] out of the set of surfaces.
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The generated surface cannot be placed inside a {{Button|[[File:PartDesign_Body.svg|16px]] [[PartDesign_Body|PartDesign Body]]}}. However, the generated surface can be contained inside a {{Button|[[File:Std_Part.svg|16px]] [[Std_Part|Std Part]]}} together with the associated {{Button|[[File:PartDesign_Body.svg|16px]] [[PartDesign_Body|PartDesign Body]]}} that holds the datum planes and sketches. The non-parametric {{Button|[[File:Part_Builder.svg|16px]] [[Part_Builder|Part Builder]]}} tool can then be used in order to create a [[Glossary#Shell|shell]] and finally a [[Glossary#Solid|solid]].
  
== Surface Tools == <!--T:3-->
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== Tools == <!--T:3-->
  
 
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* [[File:Surface_Filling.svg|32px]] [[Surface_Filling|Filling...]]: fills a series of boundary curves with a surface. The surface can be modified by adding constraint curves and vertexes. The surface changes its shape so that the surface goes through the added constraint elements.
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* [[File:Surface_Filling.svg|32px|link=Surface_Filling]] [[Surface_Filling|Filling]]: fills a series of boundary curves with a surface.
* [[File:Surface_GeomFillSurface.svg|32px]] [[Surface_GeomFillSurface|Fill boundary curves]]: creates a surface from two, three or four boundary edges. Three different filling modes are available: Stretch, Coons, Curved.
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* [[File:Surface_GeomFillSurface.svg|32px|link=Surface_GeomFillSurface]] [[Surface_GeomFillSurface|Fill boundary curves]]: creates a surface from two, three or four boundary edges.
  
 
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* [[File:Surface_Sections.svg|32px]] [[Surface_Sections|Sections]]: creates a surface from edges that represent transversal sections of surface. {{Version|0.19}}
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* [[File:Surface_Sections.svg|32px|link=Surface_Sections]] [[Surface_Sections|Sections]]: creates a surface from edges that represent transversal sections of surface. {{Version|0.19}}
  
== Additional Menu Tools == <!--T:5-->
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* [[File:Surface_ExtendFace.svg|32px|link=Surface_ExtendFace]] [[Surface_ExtendFace|Extend face]]: extrapolates the surface at the boundaries with its local U parameter and V parameter.
  
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These tools are only found in the Surface menu.
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* [[File:Surface_CurveOnMesh.svg|32px|link=Surface_CurveOnMesh]] [[Surface_CurveOnMesh|Curve on mesh]]: create approximated spline segments on top of a selected [[Mesh_Workbench|mesh]].
* [[Surface_CurveOnMesh|Curve on mesh...]]: A selected mesh from the mesh workbench can serve as a template in order to create manually spline curves on it.
 
* [[Surface_ExtendFace|Extend face]]: Extrapolate the surface at the boundaries with its local u-parameter and v-parameter.
 
  
== Limitations == <!--T:8-->
 
 
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The used surface code from the CAD-kernel OCCT is very fragile and can not handle wrong input properly. This can cause FreeCAD to crash. The following situations cause problems and may crash FreeCAD:
 
* adding additional edges or wires as boundary to a surface, that would make up several faces. Add those edges only to '''Unbound Edges'''.
 
* Using of boundary edges, that fails do build a closed boundary at parametric changes of the document.
 
  
 
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Latest revision as of 19:10, 25 March 2021

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Surface workbench icon

Introduction

The Workbench Surface.svg Surface Workbench provides tools to create and modify simple NURBS surfaces. These tools have a similar functionality to the Part Builder.svg Part Builder tool when the Face from edges option is used. However, unlike that tool, the tools of the Surface Workbench are parametric and provide additional options. In this respect, the tools in this workbench are similar to PartDesign AdditiveLoft.svg PartDesign AdditiveLoft and PartDesign AdditivePipe.svg PartDesign AdditivePipe.

Some of the features provided are:

  • Creation of surfaces from boundary edges.
  • Alignment of the curvature from neighboring faces.
  • Constraining of surfaces to additional curves and vertices.
  • Extension of faces.
  • A mesh can be used as a template to create spline curves on its surface.

Surface example.png

Usage

The Surface Workbench intends to create faces with shapes, which is not possible to do with the standard tools in other workbenches.

Toy Duck.png

Surface created with sketches placed in datum planes with the tools of the PartDesign Workbench

The Surface Workbench integrates with other workbenches of FreeCAD. The above example was created from Sketcher NewSketch.svg Sketches placed on PartDesign Plane.svg PartDesign Datum planes in the Workbench PartDesign.svg PartDesign Workbench. The design can be fully parametric if all datum planes and sketches are defined accordingly. In most cases it is sufficient to draw a closed sketch to define the boundary of a face, and then use different options to further modify its shape.

The generated surface cannot be placed inside a PartDesign Body.svg PartDesign Body. However, the generated surface can be contained inside a Std Part.svg Std Part together with the associated PartDesign Body.svg PartDesign Body that holds the datum planes and sketches. The non-parametric Part Builder.svg Part Builder tool can then be used in order to create a shell and finally a solid.

Tools

  • Surface Filling.svg Filling: fills a series of boundary curves with a surface.
  • Surface ExtendFace.svg Extend face: extrapolates the surface at the boundaries with its local U parameter and V parameter.