Sketcher BSplineDecreaseDegree
Menu location |
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Sketch → Sketcher B-spline tools → Decrease Degree of B-spline |
Workbenches |
Sketcher |
Default shortcut |
None |
Introduced in version |
0.19 |
See also |
Show/hide B-spline degree, Increase B-spline degree |
Contents |
Description
Decreases the degree (order) of the B-spline.
B-splines are basically a combination of Bézier curves (nicely explained in this and this video). These curves have degree - 1 control points + the 2 curve endpoints that also act as control points.
In this cubic spline (degree 3) there are 3 segments, meaning 3 curves are connected at 2 knots
(the degree is indicated by the number, indication can be changed using the toolbar button Show/hide B-spline degree):
B-spline with degree 3 and 2 knots that each have the multiplicity 1.
The outer segments have each 2 control points, the inner one none to fulfill the constraint that the knots have multiplicity 1. (see this page for an explanation of the multiplicity)
Decreasing the degree will not delete control points but try instead to conserve the shape of the spline. Therefore segments will be added. For our example you see a lot of new spline segments with each one control point and the shape of the spline has only slightly been changed:
Same B-spline where the degree was changed from 3 to 2. Note that also the knot multiplicity was increased to conserve the spline shape. In effect the knots have now C^{0} continuity so that the spline will get "edges" when you move a control point. (see this page to for an explanation of the continuity)
If you take this result and increase the degree, you cannot get the initial state of the spline because information was lost by the prior decrease of the degree. For our example increasing the degree again leads to this:
Same B-spline where the degree was changed back from 2 to 3. Note that the knot multiplicity increased too because the information for a possible higher continuity was lost.
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