Difference between revisions of "Mouse navigation/pt"

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# Escolher de entre os seguintes passos:
 
# Escolher de entre os seguintes passos:
 
#* Clicar no {{Button|[[File:NavigationCAD_dark.svg|16px]]}} botão [[Status_bar|Status bar]].
 
#* Clicar no {{Button|[[File:NavigationCAD_dark.svg|16px]]}} botão [[Status_bar|Status bar]].
#* Clicar com o lado direito do rato numa zona vazia na [[3D_view|3D view]], e seleccionar {{MenuCommand|Navigation styles}} a partir do Menu de contexto.
+
#* Clicar com o lado direito do rato numa zona vazia na [[3D_view/pt|Vista 3D]], e seleccionar {{MenuCommand|Navigation styles}} a partir do Menu de contexto.
 
#* Use the [[Preferences_Editor#Navigation|Preferences Editor]]. In the menu select {{MenuCommand|Edit → Preferences}} and then {{MenuCommand|Display → Navigation → 3D Navigation}}.
 
#* Use the [[Preferences_Editor#Navigation|Preferences Editor]]. In the menu select {{MenuCommand|Edit → Preferences}} and then {{MenuCommand|Display → Navigation → 3D Navigation}}.
 
# Select a style from the list.
 
# Select a style from the list.

Revision as of 17:00, 25 June 2022

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Overview

Os estilos de navegação do FreeCAD consistem nos comandos usados para navegar visualmente no espaço 3D e interagir com os objetos mostrados. O FreeCAD suporta múltiplos estilos de navegação. O predefinido é o chamado Navegação CAD, e é muito simples e prático, mas o FreeCAD também disponibiliza estilos de navegação alternativos, que pode escolher de acordo com as suas preferências. O estilo escolhido fica activado para todas as Bancadas de trabalho.

Para mais informação sobre selecção de objectos ver Métodos de selecção.

Para mais informação sobre manipulação de objectos ver Std TransformManip.

Seleccionar uma forma de navegação

  1. Escolher de entre os seguintes passos:
    • Clicar no NavigationCAD dark.svg botão Status bar.
    • Clicar com o lado direito do rato numa zona vazia na Vista 3D, e seleccionar Navigation styles a partir do Menu de contexto.
    • Use the Preferences Editor. In the menu select Edit → Preferences and then Display → Navigation → 3D Navigation.
  2. Select a style from the list.
  3. Optionally change the Orbit style: press the NavigationCAD dark.svg button in the Status bar and then choose Settings → Orbit style. See Preferences Editor.
  4. Optionally change the Rotation mode. See Preferences Editor.
  5. If the CAD navigation style is selected: optionally change the Enable animation setting. See Preferences Editor.

Available navigation styles

Navegação Blender

Este estilo de navegação foi adoptado depois do Blender.

Na Navegação Blender, criada a partir do Blender, não é possivel fazer "pan" apenas com o rato. Para fazer "pan" á vista, necessita de pressionar a tecla SHIFT.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Shift+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Shift and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer.

Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer. |Zoom_text=Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Rotate_view_text=Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. }}

CAD navigation

Navegação CAD (predefinido)

Este é o estilo de navegação predefinido e permite ao utilizador um controlo simples da visualização, não requerendo o uso do teclado excepto para fazer múltiplas seleções.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
First method
Rotate view
Alternate method
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select.

Holding down Ctrl allows the selection of multiple objects.

Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Clicking the middle mouse button re-centers the view on the location of the cursor.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

The cursor location when the middle mouse button is pressed determines the center of rotation. Rotation works like spinning a ball which rotates around its center. If the buttons are released before you stop the mouse motion, the view continues spinning, if this is enabled.

A double click with the middle mouse button sets a new center of rotation.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

With this method the middle mouse button may be released after the right mouse button is held pressed.

Users who use the mouse with their right hand may find this method easier than the first method.

Ctrl+Mouse RMB.svg Ctrl+Shift+Mouse RMB.svg Shift+Mouse RMB.svg
Pan mode: hold the Ctrl key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Zoom mode: hold the Ctrl and Shift keys, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17 Rotate mode: hold the Shift key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. introduced in version 0.17
Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
First method
Rotate view
Alternate method
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select.

Hold down Ctrl to select multiple objects.

Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Clicking the middle mouse button re-centers the view on the location of the cursor.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

If the buttons are released before you stop the mouse motion, the view continues spinning, if this is enabled.

A double click with the middle mouse button sets a new center of rotation.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

With this method the middle mouse button may be released after the right mouse button is held pressed.

Users who use the mouse with their right hand may find this method easier than the first method.

Ctrl+Mouse RMB.svg Ctrl+Shift+Mouse RMB.svg Shift+Mouse RMB.svg
Pan mode: hold the Ctrl key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. Zoom mode: hold the Ctrl and Shift keys, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. Rotate mode: hold the Shift key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer.

Navegação por Gestos

Este estilo foi adequado ao uso com um ecrã táctil e caneta. No entanto pode também ser usado com um rato, e é recomendado para usar num MAC com trackpad.

Este estilo de navegação está talhado para ser usado com monitores tateis e com caneta, mas é bastante prático também com o rato.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view Tilt view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

In Sketcher and other edit modes, this behavior is disabled. Hold Alt when pressing the mouse button to enter rotation mode.

To set the camera's focus point for rotation, click a point with the middle mouse button. Alternatively, aim the cursor at a point and press H on the keyboard.

Hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer sideways.
Touch Tap.svg Touch Two-Finger-Drag.svg Touch Tap-Hold-Drag.svg Touch Pinch.svg Touch One-Finger-Drag.svg Touch Rotate.svg
Tap to select. Drag with two fingers.

Alternatively, tap and hold, then drag. This simulates the pan with the right mouse button.

Drag two fingers (pinch) closer or farther apart. Drag with one finger to rotate.

Hold Alt when in the Sketcher.

Rotate the imaginary line formed by two touch points.

On v0.18 this method is disabled by default. To enable, go to Edit → Preferences → Display, and untick "Disable touchscreen tilt gesture" checkbox.

Alternatively, tap and hold, then drag. This simulates the pan with the right mouse button. |Zoom_text=Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Zoom_gesture_text=Drag two fingers (pinch) closer or farther apart. |Rotate_view_text=Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer. In Sketcher and other edit modes, this behavior is disabled. Hold Alt when pressing the mouse button to enter rotation mode.

To set the camera's focus point for rotation, click a point with the middle mouse button. Alternatively, aim the cursor at a point and press H on the keyboard. |Rotate_view_gesture_text=Drag with one finger to rotate.

Hold Alt when in the Sketcher. |Tilt_view_text=Hold both left and right mouse buttons, then move the pointer sideways. |Tilt_view_gesture_text=Rotate the imaginary line formed by two touch points.

On v0.18 this method is disabled by default. To enable, go to Edit → Preferences → Display, and untick "Disable touchscreen tilt gesture" checkbox. }}

Maya-Gesture Navigation

In Maya-Gesture Navigation, panning, zooming, and rotating the view require the Alt key together with a mouse button; therefore, a three-button mouse is required. It's also possible to use gestures as this style was developed over the Gesture navigation style.

In Maya-Gesture Navigation, all view movements are activated pressing ALT and a mouse button, so that it will be needed to have a 3 button mouse in order to correctly use this navigation mode. Alternately it's possible to use gestures as this mode was been developed over the normal Gesture Navigation mode.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Alt+Mouse MMB hold.svg Alt+Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Alt+Mouse LMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Alt and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Hold Alt and the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Hold Alt and the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Rotate_view_text=Hold Alt and the left mouse button, then move the pointer. }}

OpenCascade navigation

The OpenCascade navigation style was modeled after OpenCascade.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Ctrl+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Ctrl+Mouse LMB hold.svg Ctrl+Mouse RMB hold.svg


Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold Ctrl and the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold Ctrl and the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

OpenInventor navigation

Navegação Inventor

Na Navegação Inventor, criada a partir do Open Inventor (não confundir com Autodesk Inventor), não existe seleção apenas com o rato. Para poder selecionar objetos, é necessário pressionar a tecla CTRL.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
{{{Shift}}}+Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg
Hold Ctrl, then press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

This style is not based on Autodesk Inventor.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Shift+Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg
Hold Shift, then press the left mouse button over an object you want to select.

Hold down Ctrl instead to select multiple objects.

Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

OpenSCAD navigation

The OpenSCAD navigation style was modeled after OpenSCAD.

introduced in version 0.20

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Shift+Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold Shift and the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Revit navigation

The Revit navigation style was modeled after Revit.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Shift+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg


Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, then move the pointer.

Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold Shift and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

TinkerCAD navigation

The TinkerCAD navigation style was modeled after TinkerCAD.

introduced in version 0.20

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Press the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

Navegação Touchpad

In Touchpad Navigation, panning, zooming, and rotating the view require a modifier key together with the touchpad.

Na Navegação Touchpad, não pode fazer "pan", nem zoom, nem rodar a vista, apenas com o rato (ou touchpad).

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Touchpad LB.svg Shift+Touchpad.svg PageUp, PageDown Alt+Touchpad.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Shift, then move the pointer. Use PageUp and PageDown to zoom in and out. Hold Alt, then move the pointer.
Ctrl+Shift+Touchpad.svg Shift+Touchpad LB hold.svg
Alternatively, hold Shift and Ctrl, then move the pointer. Alternatively, hold Shift and the left button, then move the pointer.

Suporte de Hardware

O FreeCAD também suporta alguns 3D input devices.

Recommended navigation for macOS

On MacBooks with a trackpad the Gesture navigation works very well, but the gestures have a special meaning:

  • Zoom: drag with two fingers.
  • Rotate: drag with three fingers.
  • Pan: Ctrl + three fingers.

Developing a custom navigation

The tutorial Adding a new mouse navigation option to FreeCAD orients developers who want to develop a custom mouse navigation option. Familiarity with the C++ syntax is required.