Difference between revisions of "Draft ShapeString tutorial/ru"

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{{TutorialInfo
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<languages/>
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<div class="mw-translate-fuzzy">
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{{TutorialInfo/ru
 
|Topic= ShapeString (Draft workbench)
 
|Topic= ShapeString (Draft workbench)
 
|Level= Beginner
 
|Level= Beginner
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|Author=r-frank
 
|Author=r-frank
 
|FCVersion=0.16.6704
 
|FCVersion=0.16.6704
|Files=[https://github.com/FreeCAD/Examples/blob/master/Draft_Shapestring_Tutorial_Examples/Draft_Shapestring_Tutorial_Text.FCStd?raw=true Draft_Shapestring_Text]
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|Files=
 
}}
 
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</div>
  
 
==Introduction==
 
==Introduction==
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*Make sure the object "Shapestring" is selected in the tree view
 
*Make sure the object "Shapestring" is selected in the tree view
 
*Use Part Extrude-Tool [[Image:Part_Extrude.png|32px]] with the parameters:
 
*Use Part Extrude-Tool [[Image:Part_Extrude.png|32px]] with the parameters:
**extude Z=1 mm
+
**extrude Z=1 mm
 
**make sure to tick "create solid"
 
**make sure to tick "create solid"
 
**use "OK" to finish part extrude operation
 
**use "OK" to finish part extrude operation
*Make sure object "Extrude" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle its visibility
+
*Make sure object "Extrude" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle its visibility to be visible
 
[[Image:TutorialDraftShapeString_DraftShapestring.jpg|300px]]
 
[[Image:TutorialDraftShapeString_DraftShapestring.jpg|300px]]
  
 
==Insert sketch for positioning==
 
==Insert sketch for positioning==
 
*Switch to sketcher workbench  
 
*Switch to sketcher workbench  
*Make sure object "chamfer" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle its visibility
+
*Make sure object "chamfer" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle its visibility to visible
 
*Choose sloped face created by chamfer operation
 
*Choose sloped face created by chamfer operation
 
*Click on [[Image: Sketcher_NewSketch.png|32px]] to insert new sketch
 
*Click on [[Image: Sketcher_NewSketch.png|32px]] to insert new sketch
*Draw a line (may be horizintal or vertical, length is not of importance ...)
+
*Draw a line (may be horizontal or vertical, length is not of importance ...)
 
*Constrain one of the endpoints to be +2,5 mm vertical distance and +2,5 mm horizontal distance away from the origin
 
*Constrain one of the endpoints to be +2,5 mm vertical distance and +2,5 mm horizontal distance away from the origin
 
*Close the sketch
 
*Close the sketch
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==Positioning 3D text in 3D space==
 
==Positioning 3D text in 3D space==
*Make sure object "Extrude" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle visibility
+
*Make sure object "Extrude" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle visibility to visible
 
*Make sure, object "Extrude" is selected in the tree view
 
*Make sure, object "Extrude" is selected in the tree view
 +
*Open Placement task {{MenuCommand|Edit->Placement...}}
 
*Apply incremental placement, axis of rotation Z=90°
 
*Apply incremental placement, axis of rotation Z=90°
 
*Apply incremental placement, axis of rotation Y=45°
 
*Apply incremental placement, axis of rotation Y=45°
 
*Switch to draft workbench
 
*Switch to draft workbench
 
*Switch to wireframe mode
 
*Switch to wireframe mode
*Make sure, only "snap to endpoint" is activated
+
*Make sure, only "snap to endpoint" is activated {{MenuCommand|Draft->Snapping->Snap to endpoint}}
 
*Select "extrude"-object
 
*Select "extrude"-object
 
*Click on [[Image: Draft_Move.png|32px]]
 
*Click on [[Image: Draft_Move.png|32px]]
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==Notes==
 
==Notes==
*for creating curved text you can use the macro [[Macro_Circular Text|Circular Text]]
+
*for creating curved text you can use the macro [[Macro_Circular Text|Circular Text]] [[File:FCCircularTextButtom.png|32px]]
 
*for importing text from inkscape look at the [[Import_text_and_geometry_from_Inkscape|Importing text from inkscape tutorial]]
 
*for importing text from inkscape look at the [[Import_text_and_geometry_from_Inkscape|Importing text from inkscape tutorial]]
 
*Extrusion of the Shapestring-Text can also be done with the PartDesign-Pad-Tool
 
*Extrusion of the Shapestring-Text can also be done with the PartDesign-Pad-Tool
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{{clear}}
 
{{clear}}
<languages/>
 

Revision as of 21:12, 2 August 2018

Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Türkçe • ‎français • ‎italiano • ‎română • ‎русский

Base ExampleCommandModel.png Руководство

Тема
ShapeString (Draft workbench)
уровень
Beginner
Время для завершения
30 minutes
автор
r-frank
FreeCAD версия
0.16.6704
Пример файла (ов)


Introduction

In this tutorial we will discuss how to

  • insert a text with the Draft ShapeString.png ShapeString tool
  • extrude it to be a solid
  • position it in 3D space using placement and Draft Move with sketches as helper elements
  • doing an engraving by applying a boolean cut

It is recommended to have completed the sketcher tutorial first.

Creating the basic shape

  • Start FreeCAD and create a new document
  • Switch to part workbench
  • Insert a cube by clicking on Part Box.png
  • Make sure the cube is selected in the tree view
  • Change width to be 31 mm by using the data-tab in the property view
  • Click on View-axometric.png to change to axometric view
  • Click on View-zoom-all.png to zoom to fit all
  • Select upper edge on the front face of the cube in 3D view
  • Apply a chamfer (to Edge6) of 5 mm by clicking on Part Chamfer.png
  • Make sure object "chamfer" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle visibility

TutorialDraftShapeString BasicShape.jpg

Inserting text with the Draft ShapeString tool

  • Switch to Draft workbench
  • make sure nothing is selected in the tree view
  • Toggle working plane to XY (Top) by clicking on Draft SelectPlane.png Auto and choosing XY
  • Insert text "FreeCAD" by
    • Click on Draft ShapeString.png
    • Highlight the text in the "Global X"-field and type "0" on the keyboard and press Return
    • Highlight the text in the "Global Y" field
    • Type "0" on the keyboard and press Return
    • Highlight the text in the "Global Z" field
    • Type "0" on the keyboard and press Return
    • Enter "FreeCAD" in the string field (without brackets) and press Return
    • Choose a height of 5mm
    • Choose a tracking of 0 mm
    • now point FreeCAD to a "TTF"-Text-Font to use (for example the ARIAL-TTF)
    • After pressing Return one last time, the Draft-Shapestring object is created in the tree view

Create 3D text

  • Switch to part workbench
  • Make sure the object "Shapestring" is selected in the tree view
  • Use Part Extrude-Tool Part Extrude.png with the parameters:
    • extrude Z=1 mm
    • make sure to tick "create solid"
    • use "OK" to finish part extrude operation
  • Make sure object "Extrude" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle its visibility to be visible

TutorialDraftShapeString DraftShapestring.jpg

Insert sketch for positioning

  • Switch to sketcher workbench
  • Make sure object "chamfer" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle its visibility to visible
  • Choose sloped face created by chamfer operation
  • Click on Sketcher NewSketch.png to insert new sketch
  • Draw a line (may be horizontal or vertical, length is not of importance ...)
  • Constrain one of the endpoints to be +2,5 mm vertical distance and +2,5 mm horizontal distance away from the origin
  • Close the sketch

TutorialDraftShapeString Sketch.jpg

Positioning 3D text in 3D space

  • Make sure object "Extrude" is selected in the tree view and press <Space> to toggle visibility to visible
  • Make sure, object "Extrude" is selected in the tree view
  • Open Placement task Edit->Placement...
  • Apply incremental placement, axis of rotation Z=90°
  • Apply incremental placement, axis of rotation Y=45°
  • Switch to draft workbench
  • Switch to wireframe mode
  • Make sure, only "snap to endpoint" is activated Draft->Snapping->Snap to endpoint
  • Select "extrude"-object
  • Click on Draft Move.png
  • In 3D view click on the most upper left corner point of "extrude"-object (1) and then click on the constrained point in the sketch (2)

TutorialDraftShapeString Position.jpg

Creating engraved text

  • Switch to part workbench
  • Switch to "As is"-view mode
  • Select the 3D text ("extrude") and then the base object ("chamfer") in the tree view
  • Apply a boolean cut by clicking on Part Cut.png
  • Make sure object "Sketch" is selected in the tree view
  • Press <Space> to toggle visibilty
  • Click on View-axometric.png to change to axometric view
  • Click on View-zoom-all.png to zoom to fit all
  • Finished

TutorialDraftShapeString Complete.jpg

Notes

  • for creating curved text you can use the macro Circular Text FCCircularTextButtom.png
  • for importing text from inkscape look at the Importing text from inkscape tutorial
  • Extrusion of the Shapestring-Text can also be done with the PartDesign-Pad-Tool
  • Remember that the DraftShapestring-Object cannot be attached to a face (so no pocket-command possible)