Difference between revisions of "Draft Module"

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(Create Consistency of terminology between tools of Sketcher workbench <--> Draft workbench necessary. Here Polyline (Sketcher) compared to Wire (Draft))
 
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{{Docnav
|[[Arch Workbench|Arch Workbench]]
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|[[Arch_Workbench|Arch Workbench]]
|[[Drawing Workbench|Drawing Workbench]]
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|[[Drawing_Workbench|Drawing Workbench]]
 
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[[Image:Workbench_Draft.svg|thumb|128px|Draft workbench icon]]
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[[Image:Workbench_Draft.svg|64px]]
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== Introduction == <!--T:68-->
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== Introduction == <!--T:1-->
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The Draft Workbench allows you to draw simple 2D objects, and offers several tools to modify them afterwards. It also provides tools to define a working plane, a grid, and a snapping system to precisely control the position of your geometry.
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The [[File:Workbench_Draft.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Module|Draft Workbench]] allows you to draw simple 2D objects, and offers several tools to modify them afterwards. It also provides tools to define a working plane, a grid, and a snapping system to precisely control the position of your geometry.
  
 
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The created 2D objects can be used for general drafting in a way similar to Inkscape or Autocad. These 2D shapes can also be used as the base components of 3D objects created with other workbenches, for example, the [[Part Workbench|Part]] and [[Arch Workbench|Arch Workbench]]es. Conversion of Draft objects to [[Sketcher Workbench|Sketches]] is also possible, which means that the shapes can also be used with the [[PartDesign Workbench|PartDesign Workbench]] for the creation of solid bodies.
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The created 2D objects can be used for general drafting in a way similar as is done with Inkscape or Autocad. These 2D shapes can also be used as the base components of 3D objects created with other workbenches, for example, the [[File:Workbench_Part.svg|32px]] [[Part_Workbench|Part]] and [[File:Workbench_Arch.svg|32px]] [[Arch_Workbench|Arch Workbenches]]. Conversion of Draft objects to [[File:Workbench_Sketcher.svg|32px]] [[Sketcher_Workbench|Sketches]] is also possible, which means that the shapes can also be used with the [[File:Workbench_PartDesign.svg|32px]] [[PartDesign_Workbench|PartDesign Workbench]] for the creation of solid bodies.
  
 
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FreeCAD is primarily a 3D modelling application, and thus its 2D tools aren't as advanced as in other drawing programs. If your primary goal is the production of complex 2D drawings and [[DXF|DXF]] files, and you don't need 3D modelling, you may wish to consider a dedicated software program for technical drafting such as [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LibreCAD LibreCAD], [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QCad QCad], TurboCad, and others.
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FreeCAD is primarily a 3D modelling application, and thus its 2D tools aren't as advanced as in other drawing programs. If your primary goal is the production of complex 2D drawings and [[DXF|DXF]] files, and you don't need 3D modelling, you may wish to consider a dedicated software program for technical drafting such as [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LibreCAD LibreCAD], [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QCad QCad], or others.
  
 
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[[Image:Draft_Workbench_Example.png|400px|Draft Workbench Example]]
[[Image:Draft_Workbench_Example.png|600px|Draft Workbench Example]]
 
 
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* [[Image:Draft_Line.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Line|Line]]: draws a line segment between two points.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Line.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Line|Line]]: draws a line segment between two points.
* [[Image:Draft_Wire.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Polyline|Ployline]]: draws a line made of multiple line segments (polyline).
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* [[Image:Draft_Wire.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Wire|Polyline]]: draws a line made of multiple line segments (polyline).
 
* [[Image:Draft_Fillet.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Fillet|Fillet]]: draws a fillet (rounded corner) or a chamfer (straight line) between two simple [[Draft_Line|Lines]]. {{Version|0.19}}
 
* [[Image:Draft_Fillet.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Fillet|Fillet]]: draws a fillet (rounded corner) or a chamfer (straight line) between two simple [[Draft_Line|Lines]]. {{Version|0.19}}
* [[Image:Draft_Circle.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Circle|Circle]]: draws a circle from center and radius.
 
 
* [[Image:Draft_Arc.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Arc|Arc]]: draws an arc segment from center, radius, start angle and end angle.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Arc.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Arc|Arc]]: draws an arc segment from center, radius, start angle and end angle.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Arc_3Points.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Arc_3Points|Arc 3Points]]: draws a circular arc segment from three points that are located in the circumference. {{Version|0.19}}
 
* [[Image:Draft_Arc_3Points.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Arc_3Points|Arc 3Points]]: draws a circular arc segment from three points that are located in the circumference. {{Version|0.19}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Circle.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Circle|Circle]]: draws a circle from center and radius.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Ellipse.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Ellipse|Ellipse]]: draws an ellipse from two corner points.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Ellipse.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Ellipse|Ellipse]]: draws an ellipse from two corner points.
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* [[Image:Draft_Rectangle.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Rectangle|Rectangle]]: draws a rectangle from two corner points.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Polygon.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Polygon|Polygon]]: draws a regular polygon from center, radius, and number of sides.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Polygon.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Polygon|Polygon]]: draws a regular polygon from center, radius, and number of sides.
* [[Image:Draft_Rectangle.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Rectangle|Rectangle]]: draws a rectangle from two corner points.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Text.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Text|Text]]: draws a multi-line text annotation.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Dimension.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Dimension|Dimension]]: draws a dimension annotation.
 
 
* [[Image:Draft_BSpline.svg|32px]] [[Draft_BSpline|BSpline]]: draws a B-Spline from a series of points.
 
* [[Image:Draft_BSpline.svg|32px]] [[Draft_BSpline|BSpline]]: draws a B-Spline from a series of points.
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* [[Image:Draft_CubicBezCurve.svg|32px]] [[Draft_CubicBezCurve|Cubic Bezier Curve]]: draws a Bezier curve of third degree by dragging two points. {{Version|0.19}}
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* [[Image:Draft_BezCurve.svg|32px]] [[Draft_BezCurve|Bezier Curve]]: draws a Bezier curve from a series of points.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Point.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Point|Point]]: inserts a point object.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Point.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Point|Point]]: inserts a point object.
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* [[Image:Draft_Facebinder.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Facebinder|Facebinder]]: creates a new object from selected faces on existing objects.
 
* [[Image:Draft_ShapeString.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ShapeString|ShapeString]]: inserts a compound shape representing a text string at a given point.
 
* [[Image:Draft_ShapeString.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ShapeString|ShapeString]]: inserts a compound shape representing a text string at a given point.
* [[Image:Draft_Facebinder.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Facebinder|Facebinder]]: creates a new object from selected faces on existing objects.
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* [[Image:Draft_BezCurve.svg|32px]] [[Draft_BezCurve|Bezier Curve]]: draws a Bezier curve from a series of points.
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== Annotation objects == <!--T:46-->
* [[Image:Draft_CubicBezCurve.svg|32px]] [[Draft_CubicBezCurve|Cubic Bezier Curve]]: draws a Bezier curve of third degree by dragging two points. {{Version|0.19}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Text.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Text|Text]]: draws a multi-line text annotation.
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* [[Image:Draft_Dimension.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Dimension|Dimension]]: draws a dimension annotation.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Label.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Label|Label]]: places a label with an arrow pointing to a selected element. {{Version|0.17}}
 
* [[Image:Draft_Label.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Label|Label]]: places a label with an arrow pointing to a selected element. {{Version|0.17}}
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* [[Image:Draft_AnnotationStyleEditor.svg|32px]] [[Draft_AnnotationStyleEditor|Annotation style editor]]: opens an editor to change the annotation style of these objects. {{Version|0.19}}
  
 
== Modifying objects == <!--T:19-->
 
== Modifying objects == <!--T:19-->
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* [[Image:Draft_Move.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Move|Move]]: moves objects from one location to another.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Move.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Move|Move]]: moves objects from one location to another.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Rotate.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Rotate|Rotate]]: rotates objects from a start angle to an end angle.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Rotate.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Rotate|Rotate]]: rotates objects from a start angle to an end angle.
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* [[Image:Draft_Scale.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Scale|Scale]]: scales selected objects around a base point.
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* [[Image:Draft_Mirror.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Mirror|Mirror]]: mirrors the selected objects.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Offset.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Offset|Offset]]: offsets segments of an object a certain distance.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Offset.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Offset|Offset]]: offsets segments of an object a certain distance.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Trimex.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Trimex|Trim/Extend (Trimex)]]: trims or extends an object.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Trimex.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Trimex|Trim/Extend (Trimex)]]: trims or extends an object.
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* [[Image:Draft_Stretch.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Stretch|Stretch]]: stretches the selected objects. {{Version|0.17}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Clone.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Clone|Clone]]: clones the selected objects.
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* [[Image:Draft_Array.svg|32px]] Array tools.
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** [[Image:Draft_OrthoArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_OrthoArray|Ortho Array]]: creates an orthogonal array from the selected object. It can also create [[App_Link|App Link]] copies. {{Version|0.19}}
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** [[File:Draft_PolarArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PolarArray|Polar Array]]: creates an array in a polar pattern, that is, sweeping an angle. It can also create [[App_Link|App Link]] copies. {{Version|0.19}}
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** [[File:Draft_CircularArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_CircularArray|Circular Array]]: creates an array in a circular pattern, that is, starting from a center and moving outwards radially. It can also create [[App_Link|App Link]] copies. {{Version|0.19}}
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** [[Image:Draft_PathArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PathArray|Path Array]]: creates an array of objects by placing the copies along a path.
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** [[Image:Draft_PathLinkArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PathLinkArray|Path LinkArray]]: like [[Image:Draft_PathArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PathArray|Path Array]], but creates [[App_Link|App Links]] instead of regular copies. {{Version|0.19}}
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** [[Image:Draft_PointArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PointArray|Point Array]]: creates an array of objects by placing the copies at certain points. {{version|0.18}}
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** [[File:Draft_PointLinkArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PointLinkArray|Point LinkArray]]: like [[Image:Draft_PointArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PointArray|Point Array]], but creates [[App_Link|App Links]] instead of regular copies. {{Version|0.19}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Edit.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Edit|Edit]]: edits a selected object.
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* [[Image:Draft_SubelementHighlight.svg|32px]] [[Draft_SubelementHighlight|Subelement highlight]]: enters an edit mode that allows editing different objects. {{Version|0.19}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Join.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Join|Join]]: joins lines together into a single wire. {{version|0.18}}
 
* [[Image:Draft_Join.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Join|Join]]: joins lines together into a single wire. {{version|0.18}}
 
* [[Image:Draft_Split.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Split|Split]]: splits a wire into two at a point. {{version|0.18}}
 
* [[Image:Draft_Split.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Split|Split]]: splits a wire into two at a point. {{version|0.18}}
 
* [[Image:Draft_Upgrade.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Upgrade|Upgrade]]: upgrades objects into a higher-level object.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Upgrade.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Upgrade|Upgrade]]: upgrades objects into a higher-level object.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Downgrade.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Downgrade|Downgrade]]: downgrades objects into lower-level objects.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Downgrade.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Downgrade|Downgrade]]: downgrades objects into lower-level objects.
* [[Image:Draft_Scale.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Scale|Scale]]: scales selected objects around a base point.
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* [[Image:Draft_Edit.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Edit|Edit]]: edits a selected object.
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* [[Image:Draft_Edit_Improved.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Edit_Improved|Edit Improved]]: enters an edit mode that allows editing different objects. {{Version|0.19}}
 
 
* [[Image:Draft_WireToBSpline.svg|32px]] [[Draft_WireToBSpline|Wire to BSpline]]: converts a wire to a B-Spline and vice-versa.
 
* [[Image:Draft_WireToBSpline.svg|32px]] [[Draft_WireToBSpline|Wire to BSpline]]: converts a wire to a B-Spline and vice-versa.
* [[Image:Draft_AddPoint.svg|32px]] [[Draft_AddPoint|Add point]]: adds a point to a wire or B-Spline.
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* [[Image:Draft_Draft2Sketch.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Draft2Sketch|Draft to Sketch]]: converts a Draft object to a [[Sketcher Workbench|Sketcher Workbench]] Sketch and vice-versa.
* [[Image:Draft_DelPoint.svg|32px]] [[Draft_DelPoint|Delete point]]: deletes a point from a wire or B-Spline.
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* [[Image:Draft_Slope.svg|32px]] [[Draft Slope|Slope]]: changes the elevation slope of the currently selected [[Draft Line|Draft Line]] or [[Draft Wire|Draft Wire]]. {{Version|0.17}}
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* [[Image:Draft_FlipDimension.svg|32px]] [[Draft_FlipDimension|Flip Dimension]]: flips the orientation of the text of a [[Draft Dimension|Draft Dimension]].
 +
 
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* [[Image:Draft_Shape2DView.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Shape2DView|Shape 2D View]]: creates a 2D object which is a flattened 2D view of a 3D object.
 
* [[Image:Draft_Shape2DView.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Shape2DView|Shape 2D View]]: creates a 2D object which is a flattened 2D view of a 3D object.
* [[Image:Draft_Draft2Sketch.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Draft2Sketch|Draft to Sketch]]: converts a Draft object to a [[Sketcher Workbench|Sketcher Workbench]] Sketch and vice-versa.
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* [[Image:Draft_Array.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Array|Array]]: creates a polar or rectangular array from selected objects.
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=== Obsolete === <!--T:48-->
* [[Image:Draft_LinkArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_LinkArray|LinkArray]]: creates an array of [[Std_LinkMake|App::Link]] elements. {{Version|0.19}}
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* [[Image:Draft_PathArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PathArray|Path Array]]: creates an array of objects by placing the copies along a path.
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* [[Image:Draft_PathLinkArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PathLinkArray|Path LinkArray]]: creates an array of [[Std_LinkMake|App::Link]] elements by placing the copies along a path. {{Version|0.19}}
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This command is considered obsolete because the [[Drawing_Workbench|Drawing Workbench]] is obsolete. However, the command itself is still available.
* [[Image:Draft_PointArray.svg|32px]] [[Draft_PointArray|Point Array]]: creates an array of objects by placing the copies at certain points. {{version|0.18}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Drawing.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Drawing|Drawing]]: writes selected objects to a [[Drawing_Workbench|Drawing Workbench]] page. {{obsolete|0.17}}
* [[Image:Draft_Clone.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Clone|Clone]]: clones the selected objects.
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* [[Image:Draft_PutOnSheet.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Drawing|Drawing]]: writes selected objects to a [[Drawing Workbench|Drawing Workbench]] page. {{obsolete|0.17}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Mirror.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Mirror|Mirror]]: mirrors the selected objects.
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These commands have been removed from the interface.
* [[Image:Draft_Stretch.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Stretch|Stretch]]: stretches the selected objects. {{Version|0.17}}
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* [[Image:Draft_AddPoint.svg|32px]] [[Draft_AddPoint|Add point]]: adds a point to a wire or B-Spline. {{Obsolete|0.19}}
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* [[Image:Draft_DelPoint.svg|32px]] [[Draft_DelPoint|Delete point]]: deletes a point from a wire or B-Spline. {{Obsolete|0.19}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Array.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Array|Array]]: creates a polar or rectangular array from selected objects. {{Obsolete|0.19}}
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== Draft Tray toolbar == <!--T:57-->
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The Draft tray toolbar appears when the workbench is started, and allows selecting the working plane, together with some visual properties like the line color, shape color, text size, line width, and automatic group.
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* [[Image:Draft_SelectPlane.svg|32px]] [[Draft_SelectPlane|Working plane]]: sets a working plane from a standard view or a selected face.
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* [[Image:Draft_ToggleConstructionMode.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ToggleConstructionMode|Construction mode]]: toggles the Draft construction mode on or off.
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* [[Image:Draft_ApplyStyle.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Apply|Style settings]]: Set default styles for new objects, and applies the current style and color to selected objects.
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* [[Image:Draft_AutoGroup.svg|32px]] [[Draft AutoGroup|AutoGroup]]: automatically place new objects in a given [[File:Std_Group.svg|32px]] [[Std_Group|Std Group]], [[File:Draft_Layer.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Layer|Draft Layer]], or one of the group-like objects of the [[Arch_Workbench|Arch Workbench]], like [[File:Arch_BuildingPart.svg|32px]] [[Arch_BuildingPart|Arch BuildingPart]]. {{Version|0.17}}
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== Draft Snap toolbar == <!--T:60-->
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<!--T:61-->
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The [[Draft_Snap|Draft Snap]] toolbar allows selecting the currently snapping mode. Its button keep depressed when a mode is active.
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<!--T:62-->
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Lock.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Lock|Toggle snap]]: toggles [[Draft Snap|object snapping]] globally on or off.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Endpoint.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Endpoint|Endpoint]]: snaps to the endpoints of line, arc and spline segments.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Midpoint.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Midpoint|Midpoint]]: snaps to the middle point of line and arc segments.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Center.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Center|Center]]: snaps to the center point of arcs and circles.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Angle.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Angle|Angle]]: snaps to the special cardinal points of circles and arcs, at 45° and 90°.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Intersection.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Intersection|Intersection]]: snaps to the intersection of two line or arc segments. Hover the mouse over the two desired objects to activate their intersection snaps.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Perpendicular.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Perpendicular|Perpendicular]]: on line and arc segments, snaps perpendicularly to the latest point.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Extension.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Extension|Extension]]: snaps on an imaginary line that extends beyond the endpoints of line segments. Hover the mouse over the desired object to activate its extension snap.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Parallel.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Parallel|Parallel]]: snaps on an imaginary line parallel to a line segment. Hover the mouse over the desired object to activate its parallel snap.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Special.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Special|Special]]: snaps on special points defined by the object. {{Version|0.17}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Near.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Near|Near]]: snaps to the closest point or edge on the nearest object.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Ortho.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Ortho|Ortho]]: snaps on imaginary lines that cross the last point, and extend at 0°, 45° and 90°.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Grid.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Grid|Grid]]: snaps to the intersections of the grid lines, if the grid is visible.
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* [[Image:Draft_Snap_WorkingPlane.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_WorkingPlane|Working plane]]: always places the snapped point on the current [[Draft SelectPlane|working plane]], even if you snap to a point outside that working plane.
 +
* [[Image:Draft_Snap_Dimensions.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Snap_Dimensions|Dimensions]]: shows temporary X and Y dimensions while snapping.
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* [[Image:Draft_ToggleGrid.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ToggleGrid|Toggle grid]]: toggles the visibility of the grid on or off.
  
 
== Utility tools == <!--T:22-->
 
== Utility tools == <!--T:22-->
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* [[Image:Draft_Layer.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Layer|Layer]]: creates a Layer in the current document, to which objects can be added to control object visibility and color. It replaces [[Draft_VisGroup|VisGroup]]. {{Version|0.19}}
 +
* [[Image:Draft_SetWorkingPlaneProxy.svg|32px]] [[Draft SetWorkingPlaneProxy|Working Plane Proxy]]: create a proxy object to store the current [[Draft_SelectPlane|Working Plane]] position. {{Version|0.17}}
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* [[Image:Draft_ToggleDisplayMode.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ToggleDisplayMode|Toggle display mode]]: switches the display mode of selected objects between "Flat Lines" and "Wireframe".
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* [[Image:Draft_AddToGroup.svg|32px]] [[Draft_AddToGroup|Add to group]]: quickly adds selected objects to an existing [[Std Group|Std Group]] or [[Draft VisGroup|Draft VisGroup]].
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* [[Image:Draft_SelectGroup.svg|32px]] [[Draft_SelectGroup|Select group contents]]: selects the contents of a selected [[Std Group|Std Group]] or [[Draft VisGroup|Draft VisGroup]].
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* [[Image:Draft_AddConstruction.svg|32px]] [[Draft_AddConstruction|Add to Construction group]]: add selected objects to the Construction group. {{Version|0.17}}
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* [[Image:Draft_Heal.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Heal|Heal]]: heals problematic Draft objects found in very old files.
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== Utility menu == <!--T:64-->
  
 
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* [[Image:Draft_SelectPlane.svg|32px]] [[Draft_SelectPlane|Set working plane]]: sets a working plane from a standard view or a selected face.
 
* [[Image:Draft_FinishLine.svg|32px]] [[Draft_FinishLine|Finish line]]: ends the drawing of the current [[Draft Wire|Draft Wire]] or [[Draft BSpline|Draft BSpline]], without closing it.
 
* [[Image:Draft_CloseLine.svg|32px]] [[Draft_CloseLine|Close line]]: ends the drawing of the current [[Draft Wire|Draft Wire]] or [[Draft BSpline|Draft BSpline]], and closes it.
 
* [[Image:Draft_UndoLine.svg|32px]] [[Draft_UndoLine|Undo line]]: undoes the last segment of a [[Draft Wire|Draft Wire]].
 
* [[Image:Draft_ToggleConstructionMode.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ToggleConstructionMode|Toggle construction mode]]: toggles the Draft construction mode on or off.
 
 
* [[Image:Draft_ToggleContinueMode.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ToggleContinueMode|Toggle continue mode]]: toggles the Draft continue mode on or off.
 
* [[Image:Draft_ToggleContinueMode.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ToggleContinueMode|Toggle continue mode]]: toggles the Draft continue mode on or off.
* [[Image:Draft_ApplyStyle.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Apply|Apply style]]: applies the current style and color to selected objects.
 
* [[Image:Draft_ToggleDisplayMode.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ToggleDisplayMode|Toggle display mode]]: switches the display mode of selected objects between "Flat Lines" and "Wireframe".
 
* [[Image:Draft_AddToGroup.svg|32px]] [[Draft_AddToGroup|Add to group]]: quickly adds selected objects to an existing [[Std Group|Std Group]] or [[Draft VisGroup|Draft VisGroup]].
 
* [[Image:Draft_SelectGroup.svg|32px]] [[Draft_SelectGroup|Select group contents]]: selects the contents of a selected [[Std Group|Std Group]] or [[Draft VisGroup|Draft VisGroup]].
 
* [[Image:Draft_ToggleSnap.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ToggleSnap|Toggle snap]]: toggles [[Draft Snap|object snapping]] on or off.
 
* [[Image:Draft_ToggleGrid.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ToggleGrid|Toggle grid]]: toggles the visibility of the grid on or off.
 
 
* [[Image:Draft_ShowSnapBar.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ShowSnapBar|Show snap bar]]: shows or hides the [[Draft Snap|Draft Snap]] toolbar.
 
* [[Image:Draft_ShowSnapBar.svg|32px]] [[Draft_ShowSnapBar|Show snap bar]]: shows or hides the [[Draft Snap|Draft Snap]] toolbar.
* [[Image:Draft_Heal.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Heal|Heal]]: heals problematic Draft objects found in very old files.
+
 
* [[Image:Draft_FlipDimension.svg|32px]] [[Draft_FlipDimension|Flip Dimension]]: flips the orientation of the text of a [[Draft Dimension|Draft Dimension]].
+
=== Obsolete === <!--T:65-->
* [[Image:Draft_VisGroup.svg|32px]] [[Draft_VisGroup|VisGroup]]: creates a VisGroup in the current document. {{Obsolete|0.19}}
+
 
* [[Image:Draft_Layer.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Layer|Layer]]: creates a Layer in the current document, to which objects can be added to control object visibility and color. It replaces [[Draft_VisGroup|VisGroup]]. {{Version|0.19}}
+
<!--T:66-->
* [[Image:Draft_Slope.svg|32px]] [[Draft Slope|Slope]]: changes the elevation slope of the currently selected [[Draft Line|Draft Line]] or [[Draft Wire|Draft Wire]]. {{Version|0.17}}
+
These tools were removed from the interface in v0.19 because they no longer had any purpose.
* [[Image:Draft_AutoGroup.svg|32px]] [[Draft AutoGroup|AutoGroup]]: automatically place new objects in a given [[Std Group|Std Group]] or [[Draft VisGroup|Draft VisGroup]]. {{Version|0.17}}
+
 
* [[Image:Draft_SetWorkingPlaneProxy.svg|32px]] [[Draft SetWorkingPlaneProxy|Set Working Plane Proxy]]: create a proxy object to store the current [[Draft_SelectPlane|Working Plane]] position. {{Version|0.17}}
+
<!--T:67-->
* [[Image:Draft_AddConstruction.svg|32px]] [[Draft_AddConstruction|Add to Construction group]]: add selected objects to the Construction group. {{Version|0.17}}
+
* [[Image:Draft_VisGroup.svg|32px]] [[Draft_VisGroup|VisGroup]]: creates a VisGroup in the current document. This was replaced by [[Image:Draft_Layer.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Layer|Layer]]. {{Obsolete|0.19}}
 +
* [[Image:Draft_FinishLine.svg|32px]] [[Draft_FinishLine|Finish line]]: ends the drawing of the current [[Draft Wire|Draft Wire]] or [[Draft BSpline|Draft BSpline]], without closing it. {{Obsolete|0.19}}
 +
* [[Image:Draft_CloseLine.svg|32px]] [[Draft_CloseLine|Close line]]: ends the drawing of the current [[Draft Wire|Draft Wire]] or [[Draft BSpline|Draft BSpline]], and closes it. {{Obsolete|0.19}}
 +
* [[Image:Draft_UndoLine.svg|32px]] [[Draft_UndoLine|Undo line]]: undoes the last segment of a [[Draft Wire|Draft Wire]]. {{Obsolete|0.19}}
  
 
== Preferences == <!--T:25-->
 
== Preferences == <!--T:25-->
Line 119: Line 189:
 
<!--T:28-->
 
<!--T:28-->
 
* [[Image:Preferences-draft.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Preferences|Preferences]]: general preferences for the working plane and the drawing tools.
 
* [[Image:Preferences-draft.svg|32px]] [[Draft_Preferences|Preferences]]: general preferences for the working plane and the drawing tools.
* [[Image:Preferences-import-export.svg|32px]] [[Import_Export_Preference|Import-Export Preferences]]: preferences available for importing from and exporting to different file formats.
+
* [[Image:Preferences-import-export.svg|32px]] [[Import_Export_Preferences|Import Export Preferences]]: preferences available for importing from and exporting to different file formats.
  
 
== File formats == <!--T:3-->
 
== File formats == <!--T:3-->
Line 146: Line 216:
 
* [[Draft Constrain|Constraining]]: limit the pointer to horizontal or vertical movements relative to a previous point.
 
* [[Draft Constrain|Constraining]]: limit the pointer to horizontal or vertical movements relative to a previous point.
 
* [[Draft Snap|Snapping]]: place new points on special places on existing objects or on the grid.
 
* [[Draft Snap|Snapping]]: place new points on special places on existing objects or on the grid.
* [[Draft_Copying|Copy Mode]]: All modification tools can either modify the selected objects or create a modified copy of them. <br> Pressing and holding {{KEY | ALT}} while the object is being modified, e.g. moved or rotated, creates a copy when the key is released.
+
* [[Draft_Copying|Copy Mode]]: All modification tools can either modify the selected objects or create a modified copy of them. Pressing and holding {{KEY|Alt}} while the object is being modified, e.g. moved or rotated, creates a copy when the key is released.
 
* [[Draft ToggleConstructionMode|Construction Mode]]: Allows you to create geometries separate from the rest by simply switching them on and off.
 
* [[Draft ToggleConstructionMode|Construction Mode]]: Allows you to create geometries separate from the rest by simply switching them on and off.
* [[Draft SelectPlane|Workspace]]: allows you to select a surface for machining using the following instructions in 3D space
+
* [[Draft SelectPlane|Working plane]]: allows you to select a surface on which to build your shapes.
 +
 
 +
== Unit tests == <!--T:39-->
 +
 
 +
<!--T:40-->
 +
{{Emphasis|See also:}} [[Test_Workbench|Test Workbench]].
  
 +
<!--T:41-->
 +
To run the unit tests of the workbench execute the following from the operating system terminal.
 +
</translate>
 +
{{Code|code=
 +
freecad -t TestDraft
 +
}}
 +
<translate>
  
 
== Scripting == <!--T:10-->
 
== Scripting == <!--T:10-->
  
 
<!--T:11-->
 
<!--T:11-->
The Draft tools can be used in [[macros|macros]] and from the [[Python|Python]] console by using the [[Draft API|Draft API]].
+
The Draft tools can be used in [[macros|macros]] and from the [[Python|Python]] console by using the [[Draft_API|Draft API]].
 +
 
 +
<!--T:42-->
 +
The workbench includes a module to create samples of all objects in a new document. {{Version|0.19}}
 +
 
 +
<!--T:43-->
 +
Use this to test that all objects are produced correctly.
 +
</translate>
 +
{{Code|code=
 +
import drafttests.draft_test_objects as dto
 +
doc = dto.create_test_file()
 +
}}
 +
<translate>
 +
 
 +
<!--T:44-->
 +
Inspecting the code of this module is useful to understand how to use the programming interface.
 +
</translate>
 +
{{Code|code=
 +
$INSTALLDIR/Mod/Draft/drafttests/draft_test_objects.py
 +
}}
 +
<translate>
 +
 
 +
<!--T:45-->
 +
Where {{incode|$INSTALLDIR}} is the toplevel directory where the software was installed; for example, in Linux it may be {{incode|/usr/share/freecad}}.
 +
 
 +
</translate>
 +
[[File:Draft_test_objects.png|500px]]
 +
<translate>
 +
<!--T:51-->
 +
{{Caption|Test objects for the [[Draft_Workbench|Draft Workbench]].}}
  
 
== Tutorials == <!--T:14-->
 
== Tutorials == <!--T:14-->
Line 162: Line 273:
  
 
<!--T:12-->
 
<!--T:12-->
{{docnav
+
{{Docnav
|[[Arch Workbench|Arch Workbench]]
+
|[[Arch_Workbench|Arch Workbench]]
|[[Drawing Workbench|Drawing Workbench]]
+
|[[Drawing_Workbench|Drawing Workbench]]
 
|IconL=Workbench_Arch.svg
 
|IconL=Workbench_Arch.svg
 
|IconR=Workbench_Drawing.svg
 
|IconR=Workbench_Drawing.svg
 
}}
 
}}
 
<!--T:33-->
 
{{Draft Tools navi}}
 
 
<!--T:34-->
 
{{Userdocnavi}}
 
 
<!--T:35-->
 
[[Category:Workbenches]]
 
 
  
 
</translate>
 
</translate>
 +
{{Draft Tools navi{{#translation:}}}}
 +
{{Userdocnavi{{#translation:}}}}
 +
[[Category:Workbenches{{#translation:}}]]

Latest revision as of 15:09, 29 November 2020

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Draft workbench icon

Introduction

The Workbench Draft.svg Draft Workbench allows you to draw simple 2D objects, and offers several tools to modify them afterwards. It also provides tools to define a working plane, a grid, and a snapping system to precisely control the position of your geometry.

The created 2D objects can be used for general drafting in a way similar as is done with Inkscape or Autocad. These 2D shapes can also be used as the base components of 3D objects created with other workbenches, for example, the Workbench Part.svg Part and Workbench Arch.svg Arch Workbenches. Conversion of Draft objects to Workbench Sketcher.svg Sketches is also possible, which means that the shapes can also be used with the Workbench PartDesign.svg PartDesign Workbench for the creation of solid bodies.

FreeCAD is primarily a 3D modelling application, and thus its 2D tools aren't as advanced as in other drawing programs. If your primary goal is the production of complex 2D drawings and DXF files, and you don't need 3D modelling, you may wish to consider a dedicated software program for technical drafting such as LibreCAD, QCad, or others.

Draft Workbench Example

Drawing objects

These are tools for creating objects.

  • Draft Line.svg Line: draws a line segment between two points.
  • Draft Wire.svg Polyline: draws a line made of multiple line segments (polyline).
  • Draft Fillet.svg Fillet: draws a fillet (rounded corner) or a chamfer (straight line) between two simple Lines. introduced in version 0.19
  • Draft Arc.svg Arc: draws an arc segment from center, radius, start angle and end angle.
  • Draft Arc 3Points.svg Arc 3Points: draws a circular arc segment from three points that are located in the circumference. introduced in version 0.19
  • Draft Circle.svg Circle: draws a circle from center and radius.
  • Draft Ellipse.svg Ellipse: draws an ellipse from two corner points.
  • Draft Rectangle.svg Rectangle: draws a rectangle from two corner points.
  • Draft Polygon.svg Polygon: draws a regular polygon from center, radius, and number of sides.
  • Draft BSpline.svg BSpline: draws a B-Spline from a series of points.
  • Draft CubicBezCurve.svg Cubic Bezier Curve: draws a Bezier curve of third degree by dragging two points. introduced in version 0.19
  • Draft BezCurve.svg Bezier Curve: draws a Bezier curve from a series of points.
  • Draft Point.svg Point: inserts a point object.
  • Draft Facebinder.svg Facebinder: creates a new object from selected faces on existing objects.
  • Draft ShapeString.svg ShapeString: inserts a compound shape representing a text string at a given point.

Annotation objects

Modifying objects

These are tools for modifying existing objects. They work on selected objects, but if no object is selected, you will be invited to select one.

Many operation tools (move, rotate, array, etc.) also work on solid objects (Part, PartDesign, Arch, etc.).

  • Draft Shape2DView.svg Shape 2D View: creates a 2D object which is a flattened 2D view of a 3D object.

Obsolete

This command is considered obsolete because the Drawing Workbench is obsolete. However, the command itself is still available.

These commands have been removed from the interface.

Draft Tray toolbar

The Draft tray toolbar appears when the workbench is started, and allows selecting the working plane, together with some visual properties like the line color, shape color, text size, line width, and automatic group.

Draft Snap toolbar

The Draft Snap toolbar allows selecting the currently snapping mode. Its button keep depressed when a mode is active.

  • Draft Snap Lock.svg Toggle snap: toggles object snapping globally on or off.
  • Draft Snap Endpoint.svg Endpoint: snaps to the endpoints of line, arc and spline segments.
  • Draft Snap Midpoint.svg Midpoint: snaps to the middle point of line and arc segments.
  • Draft Snap Center.svg Center: snaps to the center point of arcs and circles.
  • Draft Snap Angle.svg Angle: snaps to the special cardinal points of circles and arcs, at 45° and 90°.
  • Draft Snap Intersection.svg Intersection: snaps to the intersection of two line or arc segments. Hover the mouse over the two desired objects to activate their intersection snaps.
  • Draft Snap Perpendicular.svg Perpendicular: on line and arc segments, snaps perpendicularly to the latest point.
  • Draft Snap Extension.svg Extension: snaps on an imaginary line that extends beyond the endpoints of line segments. Hover the mouse over the desired object to activate its extension snap.
  • Draft Snap Parallel.svg Parallel: snaps on an imaginary line parallel to a line segment. Hover the mouse over the desired object to activate its parallel snap.
  • Draft Snap Special.svg Special: snaps on special points defined by the object. introduced in version 0.17
  • Draft Snap Near.svg Near: snaps to the closest point or edge on the nearest object.
  • Draft Snap Ortho.svg Ortho: snaps on imaginary lines that cross the last point, and extend at 0°, 45° and 90°.
  • Draft Snap Grid.svg Grid: snaps to the intersections of the grid lines, if the grid is visible.
  • Draft Snap WorkingPlane.svg Working plane: always places the snapped point on the current working plane, even if you snap to a point outside that working plane.
  • Draft Snap Dimensions.svg Dimensions: shows temporary X and Y dimensions while snapping.
  • Draft ToggleGrid.svg Toggle grid: toggles the visibility of the grid on or off.

Utility tools

Utility menu

Additional tools available from the menu Draft → Utilities, or via the right-click context menu, depending on the selected object.

Obsolete

These tools were removed from the interface in v0.19 because they no longer had any purpose.

Preferences

  • Preferences-draft.svg Preferences: general preferences for the working plane and the drawing tools.
  • Preferences-import-export.svg Import Export Preferences: preferences available for importing from and exporting to different file formats.

File formats

These are functions for opening, importing or exporting other file formats. Opening will open a new document with the contents of the file, while importing will append the contents of the file to the current document. Export will save the selected objects to a file. If nothing is selected, all objects will be exported. Be aware that the purpose of the Draft Module is to work with 2D objects, so those import routines focus only on 2D objects, and although DXF and OCA formats also support object definitions in 3D space (objects are not necessarily flat), they will not import volumetric objects such as meshes, 3D surfaces, etc., but rather lines, circles, texts or flat shapes. Currently supported file formats are: The Draft module provides FreeCAD with importers and exporters for the following file formats:

Install importers

Additional features

  • Coordinates: enter coordinates instead of clicking on the 3D view to define a new point.
  • Constraining: limit the pointer to horizontal or vertical movements relative to a previous point.
  • Snapping: place new points on special places on existing objects or on the grid.
  • Copy Mode: All modification tools can either modify the selected objects or create a modified copy of them. Pressing and holding Alt while the object is being modified, e.g. moved or rotated, creates a copy when the key is released.
  • Construction Mode: Allows you to create geometries separate from the rest by simply switching them on and off.
  • Working plane: allows you to select a surface on which to build your shapes.

Unit tests

See also: Test Workbench.

To run the unit tests of the workbench execute the following from the operating system terminal.

freecad -t TestDraft

Scripting

The Draft tools can be used in macros and from the Python console by using the Draft API.

The workbench includes a module to create samples of all objects in a new document. introduced in version 0.19

Use this to test that all objects are produced correctly.

import drafttests.draft_test_objects as dto
doc = dto.create_test_file()

Inspecting the code of this module is useful to understand how to use the programming interface.

$INSTALLDIR/Mod/Draft/drafttests/draft_test_objects.py

Where $INSTALLDIR is the toplevel directory where the software was installed; for example, in Linux it may be /usr/share/freecad.

Draft test objects.png

Test objects for the Draft Workbench.


Tutorials