Difference between revisions of "Compile on Windows"
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Revision as of 22:10, 19 September 2019
This page explains step by step how to compile FreeCAD 0.18 or newer on Windows.
- 1 Prerequisites
- 2 Configuration
- 3 Building FreeCAD
- 4 Running and Installing FreeCAD
- 5 References
At first you must install the following required programs ad libraries:
- Git (There are also a GUI frontends available for Git, see the next section.)
- CMake version 3.11.x - 3.14.x. Note: Usually one cannot take the latest CMake version. Therefore only use a CMake version in the range specified on this page!
It is recommended to use the option Add CMake to the system PATH for all users when installing CMake. Then you can later easily access CMake also from the command line/powershell.
- LibPack (also called FreeCADLibs). This is a set of libraries necessary to compile FreeCAD on Windows. Depending on the FreeCAD version you want to compile, you must download the corresponding LibPack. For example to compile FreeCAD 0.18, download either the 32bit or the 64bit version of the LibPack for 0.18, to compile the latest development version 0.19, download the LibPack for 0.19 (there is only a 64bit version).
Just download the LibPack, you will unpack and set it up later.
Note: It is recommended to use the same compiler MS Visual Studio (MSVC) version the LibPack is designed for. This assures that the compilation and the execution of the compiled FreeCAD.exe succeeds. So you should for example be able to compile FreeCAD 0.18 using the LibPack for 0.19 and MSVC 15 but you you might get problems compiling FreeCAD 0.18 using the LibPack for 0.18 and MSVC 15 because the LibPack for 0.18 is designed to be built with MSVC 12.
- Python 3.x. A separate python installation is not mandatory since the LibPack contains Python. However, to be able to test later your FreeCAD build it is useful to have a standalone Python installation. It is recommended to use not the latest version, but the prior version (e.g. not Python 3.7 but 3.6).
- A GUI frontend for Git. There are several frontends available, see this list. The main benefit of a frontend is that you don't have to learn the Git commands to get the source code of FreeCAD or to send patches to the GitHub repository of FreeCAD.
In the following we describe source code handling using the frontend TortoiseGit. This frontend integrates directly to Windows file explorer and has a large user community to get help in case you have problems.
- NSIS This is the program to generate the Windows installer of FreeCAD. (Information: For FreeCAD 0.17 and older the program WiX was used to create the installer.)
Now you can get the source code of FreeCAD:
Using the Command Line
To create a local tracking branch and download the source code, open a terminal (command prompt) and switch there to the directory you want the source, then type:
git clone https://github.com/FreeCAD/FreeCAD.git FreeCAD-code
Using a Frontend
When using the Git frontend TortoiseGit:
- Create a new folder where the source code should be.
- Right-click on this folder in the Windows file explorer and select in the context menu Git Clone.
- A dialog will appear. Use there as URL for the FreeCAD repository
and Click OK.
Now the source code is downloaded and its folder becomes a folder tracked by Git.
The default (recommended) compiler is MS Visual Studio (MSVC). Though it may be possible to use other compilers using Cygwin or MinGW gcc it is not tested or ported so far.
You can get a free version of MSVC (for OpenSource usage) by downloading the Community edition of MS Visual Studio. To do so, use this URL
where xx is the version number. So to get MSVC 15 (calso called MSVC 2017), use this URL:
For those who want to avoid installing the huge MSVC for the mere purpose of having a compiler, see CompileOnWindows - Reducing Disk Footprint.
Note: Despite that the Community edition of MSVC is free, you must create a Microsoft account from withing the MSVC IDE that you can use the IDE for more than 30 days. If you will only compile using the command line, you don't need the IDE and thus no Microsoft account.
Optional System Path Configuration
Optionally you can include the paths to some folders to the system PATH variable. This is helpful if you want to access programs in these folders from the command line/powershell or if you want special programs to be found by the compiler or CMake. Besides this, adding folders to the PATH might be necessary if you did not use the corresponding options when installing the program.
- You can include the folder of your LibPack in your system PATH variable. This is useful if you plan to build multiple configurations/versions of FreeCAD.
- If you did not use the option to add CMake to the PATH while installing it, add its installation folder
C:\Program Files\CMake\bin to the PATH.
- If you did not use the option to add TortoiseGit to the PATH while installing it, add its installation folder
C:\Program Files\TortoiseGit\bin to the PATH.
To add folder paths to the PATH variable:
- In the Windows Start menu Right click on Computer and choose Properties.
- In the appearing dialog click on Advanced system settings.
- Another dialog will open. Click there in the tab Advanced on Environment Variables.
- Again another dialog will open. Select then the variable Path and click on Edit.
- And again another dialog will open. Click there on New and add to path to the folder of Git or the LibPack.
- Finally press OK and close all dialogs by pressing OK as well.
At first you need to setup a build folder:
- Create a new folder where the compiled FreeCAD should be. It is highly recommended that this folder is not inside the source code folder of FreeCAD.
- Create there a new subfolder for the LibPack. Give it for example the same name like the LibPack.
- Extract the LibPack to this subfolder.
Now you need to configure the build environment using CMake:
- Open the CMake GUI
- Specify there the source folder of FreeCAD
- Specify the build folder you just created in the previous step.
- Click Configure
- In the appearing dialog specify the generator according to the one you want to use. For the standard MS Visual Studio use Visual Studio xx 2yyy where xx is the compiler version ad yyy the year of its release. It is recommended to use the default option Use default native compilers.
Note: It is important to specify the correct bit variant. If you have the 64bit variant of LibPack you must also use the x64 compiler.
This will begin the configuration and will fail because of missing settings.
If it fails with the message that Visual Studio could not be found the CMake support in MSVC is not yet installed. To do this:
- Open the MSVC IDE
- Use the menu Tools -> Get Tools and Features
- In the Workloads tab enable Desktop development with C++
- On the right side you should now see that the component Visual C++ tools for CMake will be installed.
- Install it.
If there is no error about Visual Studio, everything is fine, but CMake does not yet know all necessary settings. Therefore now:
- Assure that the search option Advanced is checked.
- Search in CMake for the variable FREECAD_LIBPACK_DIR and specify there the correct location to the LibPack folder.
- Search for the variable BUILD_QT5 and enable this option.
- Click Configure again
There should now be no errors. If so, click on Generate. After this is done you could close CMake and continue to start the compilation of FreeCAD. However, for the first compilation keep it open for the case that you want or need to change some options for the build process:
Options for the Build Process
The CMake build system gives you the flexibility over the build process. That means you can switch on and off some features or modules by CMake variables. (It is in a way like the Linux kernel build.)
Here is a description for some of these variables:
|BUILD_XXX||Build FreeCAD with the component XXX. If you don't want/need to compile e.g. the workbench OpenSCAD, disable the variable BUILD_OPENSCAD. FreeCAD will then not have this workbench.
Note: Some components are required for other components. If you for example uncheck BUILD_ROBOT CMake will inform you that then the component Path cannot be compiled correctly. Therefore check the CMake output after you changed a BUILD_XXX option!
|CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX||The output folder when building the target INSTALL, see also section Running and installing FreeCAD||Windows' default program installation folder|
|FREECAD_COPY_DEPEND_DIRS_TO_BUILD||Copies the LibPack libraries needed to execute the FreeCAD.exe to the build folder. See also section Running and installing FreeCAD.||OFF|
|FREECAD_COPY_LIBPACK_BIN_TO_BUILD||Copies the LibPack binaries needed to execute the FreeCAD.exe to the build folder. See also section Running and installing FreeCAD.||OFF|
|FREECAD_LIBPACK_USE||Switch the usage of the FreeCAD LibPack on or off||ON|
|FREECAD_LIBPACK_DIR||Directory where the LibPack is||FreeCAD's source code folder|
Depending on your compiler, the process for building FreeCAD will be slightly different. In the following sections you known workflows are described. If you are building with Qt Creator, jump to Building with Qt Creator, otherwise proceed directly:
Building with Visual Studio 15 2017
- Start the Visual Studio IDE. This can either be done by pressing the button Open Project in the CMake GUI or by double-clicking on the file FreeCAD.sln that you find in your build folder.
- In the toolbar of the MSVC IDE assure that you use for the first compilation Release.
- There is a window called Solution explorer. it lists all possible compilation targets.
To start a full compilation, right-click on the target ALL_BUILD and then choose Build.
This will now take quiet a long time.
To compile a ready-to use FreeCAD, compile the target INSTALL, see section Running and installing FreeCAD.
If you don't get any errors you are done. Congratulations! You can exit MSVC or keep it open.
Building with Visual Studio 12 2013
Make sure to specify Visual Studio 12 x64(or the alternate C-Compiler you are using) as the generator in CMake before you continue.
- Start Visual Studio 12 2013 by clicking on the desktop icon created at installation.
- Open the project by:
File → Open → Project/Solution
- Open FreeCAD_Trunk.sln from the build folder CMake created
- Switch the Solutions Configuration drop down at the top to Release X64
This may take a while depending on your sytem
- Build → Build Solution
- This will take a long time...
If you don't get any errors you are done. Exit Visual Studio and start FreeCAD by double clicking the FreeCAD icon in the bin folder of the build directory.
Building with Qt Creator
Installation and configuration of Qt Creator
- Download and install Qt Creator
- Tools → Options → Text Editor → Behavior tab:
- File Encodings → Default Encodings:
- Set to: ISO-8859-1 /...csISOLatin1 (Certain characters create errors/warnings with Qt Creator if left set to UTF-8. This seems to fix it.)
- Tools → Options → Build & Run:
- CMake tab
- Fill Executable box with path to cmake.exe
- Kits tab
- Name: MSVC 2008
- Compiler: Microsoft Visual C++ Compiler 9.0 (x86)
- Debugger: Auto detected...
- Qt version: None
- General tab
- Uncheck: Always build project before deploying it
- Uncheck: Always deploy project before running it
- CMake tab
Import project and Build
- File → Open File or Project
- Open CMakeLists.txt which is in the top level of the source
- This will start CMake
- Choose build directory and click next
- Set generator to NMake Generator (MSVC 2008)
- Click Run CMake. Follow the instructions depicted above to configure CMake to your liking.
Now FreeCAD can be built
- Build → Build All
- This will take a long time...
Once complete, it can be run: There are 2 green triangles at the bottom left. One is debug. The other is run. Pick whichever you want.
Command line build
The steps how to compile from the command line depends on the compiler. For MSVC 2017 the steps are:
- In Windows' start menu go to Visual Studio 2017->Visual Studio Tools and choose Developer Command Prompt for VS 2017
- Change to your build folder.
- Execute the command or
msbuild ALL_BUILD.vcxproj /p:Configuration=Release
msbuild INSTALL.vcxproj /p:Configuration=Release
Here an example how to build FreeCAD from the Command line:
rem @echo off rem Build script, uses vcbuild to completetly build FreeCAD rem update trunc d: cd "D:\_Projekte\FreeCAD\FreeCAD_0.9" "C:\Program Files (x86)\Subversion\bin\svn.exe" update rem set the aprobiated Variables here or outside in the system set PATH=C:\WINDOWS\system32;C:\WINDOWS;C:\WINDOWS\System32\Wbem set INCLUDE= set LIB= rem Register VS Build programms call "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\vcvarsall.bat" rem Set Standard include paths set INCLUDE=%INCLUDE%;%FrameworkSDKDir%\include set INCLUDE=%INCLUDE%;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows\v6.0A\Include rem Set lib Pathes set LIB=%LIB%;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows\v6.0A\Lib set LIB=%LIB%;%PROGRAMFILES%\Microsoft Visual Studio\VC98\Lib rem Start the Visuall Studio build process "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\vcpackages\vcbuild.exe" "D:\_Projekte\FreeCAD FreeCAD_0.9_build\FreeCAD_trunk.sln" /useenv
Running and Installing FreeCAD
There are 2 methods to run the compiled FreeCAD:
Method 1: You execute the FreeCAD.exe that you find in your build folder in the subfolder bin
Method 2: You build the target INSTALL
Method 2 is the simpler one because it automatically assures that all libraries needed to run the FreeCAD.exe are in the correct folder. The FreeCAD.exe and the libraries will be output in the folder you specified in the CMake variable CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX.
For Method 1 you need to put the libraries into the bin folder of your build folder (where the FreeCAD.exe is). This can easily be done:
- Open the CMake GUI.
- Search there for the variable option FREECAD_COPY_DEPEND_DIRS_TO_BUILD and check it.
- Search there for the variable option FREECAD_COPY_LIBPACK_BIN_TO_BUILD and check it.
- Click on Configure. At the end of the configuration CMake will automatically copy the necessary libraries from the LibPack folder.
For FreeCAD 0.19 there is currently only one issue that requires manual action:
- Download the file qwindowsvistastyle.zip from the FreeCAD forum.
- Create a new subfolder named styles in the bin folder (where the FreeCAD.exe is).
- Extract the ZIP-file to this folder.
This adds the necessary style to make FreeCAD look like a normal Win 10 program. Otherwise it looks like in Windows 98.