Как создать шаблон страницы TechDraw

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Base ExampleCommandModel.png Руководство

Тема
Drafting
уровень
Intermediate
Время для завершения
60 минут
автор
wandererfan
FreeCAD версия
0.17
Пример файла (ов)
None


Введение

This tutorial shows you how to create an SVG file that can be used as the background template for the TechDraw Workbench pages.

This tutorial assumes you are moderately familiar with Inkscape and SVG, as well as FreeCAD and the TechDraw Workbench.

We're going to make a simple template for US Letter size paper in landscape orientation.

A copy of the result of this tutorial is available in

$INSTALL_DIR/Mod/TechDraw/Templates/HowToExample.svg

Where $INSTALL_DIR is the directory where FreeCAD was installed, for example

/usr/share/freecad/Mod/TechDraw/Templates/HowToExample.svg

Create base document

1. Open a new document in Inkscape.

2. In Document Properties

  • Select page size "US Letter" or "A4" and orientation "landscape".
  • Set default units to "mm", and the page size to width "279.4" and height "215.9". For DIN-A4 you would use "210" and "297".
InkDocProp.png

Inkscape: document with page size and orientation


3. Use the XML Editor to add a "freecad" namespace clause to the <svg> item.

xmlns:freecad="http://www.freecadweb.org/wiki/index.php?title=Svg_Namespace"

Note that your editable texts will not work if you use "https://...", even though the wiki is reached via https these days. Since SVG is a human readable format you could also enter the line above into the file with a text editor.

InkXMLNameSpace.png

Inkscape: XML Editor adding the "freecad" namespace clause to the <svg> item


Create template drawing

4. Draw outlines, zone numbers, center lines, and other geometry.

5. Draw the boxes and lines for the title block.

6. Add and position your static text.

7. Add and position the text that will be editable.

8. You now have your finished artwork, that should look something like this:

InkFinishedArt.png

Inkscape: tentative template layout


Create editable fields

9. Use the XML Editor to add a freecad:editable tag to each editable <text> item.

  • Assign a meaningful field name to each editable text.
InkXMLeditableTag.png

Inkscape: XML Editor adding the "freecad:editable" property to the desired <text> item


Adjust size of the SVG

10. Use the XML editor to adjust the viewBox attribute to match your page size in millimeters.

  • It is four values, in the format "0 0 width height"
InkXMLviewBox.png

Inkscape: XML Editor adjusting the viewbox to match the page size in millimeters


11. Your template will now appear much bigger than desired.

InkMuchTooBig.png

Inkscape: tentative template layout exceeding the page size


12. We need to shrink it.

  • Edit → Select All in All Layers, or box select and select all.
  • Adjust the W: and H: spinboxes to match your artwork's size in millimeters.
  • Set it to the page size less any applicable margins, for example, W: 250, and H: 200.

13. Use "Align and Distribute" or the X: and Y: spinboxes to position the artwork within the limits of the page if required.

14. Your template should now look right, just like it did in the finished artwork picture above.

Remove transformans on the SVG

15. Ensure that all your editable texts are "ungrouped" with Shift+Ctrl+g.

16. Select everything on your page, Edit → Select All, and then Edit → Copy (Ctrl+c).

17. Then delete the current layer, Layer → Delete Current Layer.

Note: if you deleted the layer already (in your layer panel is no layer listed) this step is not required. In that case you should select all (Ctrl+a), cut the selection (Ctrl+x) and paste it with the command in the next step.

18. Then paste, Edit → Paste in Place.

Note: This command prevents that the text positions are stored in transform tags. It's important that you do not use the normal paste command!

19. Your template should now look right and shouldn't have any unwanted transforms.

20. Save your template.

21. Try it in FreeCAD and TechDraw Workbench with TechDraw New Pick.

FCTemplateHow.png

FreeCAD: finished template with an editable text field being modified


Notes

Don't use Layers in Inkscape until you've mastered template creation without them. Layers and Groups can automatically insert unwanted transforms into your SVG file.

As a final step before using your new template, make sure to remove any transform clauses from the Svg code. Transform clauses will cause problems.

See a Stackoverflow discussion on removing transform clauses in SVG files.

If you do not see the green boxes for your editable texts, there might be something wrong with your document scale. Open your file in Inkscape again and confirm the values of the viewBox and the sizes are matching.