Uruchomienie i konfiguracja

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This page is a translated version of the page Start up and Configuration and the translation is 3% complete.
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Overview

This page shows the different ways to start FreeCAD and the most important configuration features.

Starting FreeCAD from the Command line

FreeCAD can be started normally by double-clicking on its desktop icon or selecting it from the start menu, but it can also be started directly from the command line. This allows you to change some of the default startup options.

Using command line options without a command line shell

  • On Ubuntu you can create a desktop icon and edit its properties. Add the command line options separated by spaces behind the program name in the "Command" field.
  • On Windows create a shortcut and edit the properties. Add the command line options separated by spaces to "Target" field.

Command line options

The command line options are subject to frequent changes.Therefore, it is a good idea to check the current options by typing:

FreeCAD --help

From the response you can read the possible parameters:

 Usage: FreeCAD [options] File1 File2 ...
 
 Allowed options:
 
 Generic options:
   -v [ --version ]          Prints version string
   -h [ --help ]             Prints help message
   -c [ --console ]          Starts in console mode
   --response-file arg       Can be specified with '@name', too
   --dump-config             Dumps configuration
   --get-config arg          Prints the value of the requested configuration key
 
 Configuration:
   -l [ --write-log ]        Writes a log file to:
                             /home/username/.FreeCAD/FreeCAD.log
   --log-file arg            Unlike --write-log this allows logging to an 
                             arbitrary file
   -u [ --user-cfg ] arg     User config file to load/save user settings
   -s [ --system-cfg ] arg   System config file to load/save system settings
   -t [ --run-test ] arg     Test case - or 0 for all
   -M [ --module-path ] arg  Additional module paths
   -P [ --python-path ] arg  Additional python paths
   --single-instance         Allow to run a single instance of the application

In the following table, selected options are described in more detail:

Long option Corresponding config var name Synopsis
--user-cfg <filename> UserParameter Filename or relative path that ends with a filename. Defaults to user.cfg.
--module-path <dir> Prepends to AdditionalModulePaths Directory that contains modules. This option can be given repeatedly to specify multiple directories.
--get-config <config-var-name> most Outputs the requested value in a popup dialog. Exits upon confirmation with OK. Cannot be used repeatedly. If an unknown/illegal variable name is used, the response is empty. The --console flag is not honored.

Options can written in two forms: --long-option arg and --long-option=arg.

Response and config files

FreeCAD can read some of these options from a config file. This file must be in the bin path and must be named FreeCAD.cfg. Be aware that options specified in the command line override the config file!

Some operating systems have a very low limit of characters on the command line. The common way to work around those limitations is using response files. A response file is just a configuration file which uses the same syntax as the command line. If the command line specifies a response file, it's loaded and parsed in addition to the command line:

FreeCAD @ResponseFile.txt 

or:

FreeCAD --response-file=ResponseFile.txt

or:

FreeCAD --response-file ResponseFile.txt

Hidden options

There are a couple of options not visible to the user. These options are e.g. the X-Window parameters parsed by the Windows system:

  • -display - Sets the X display (default is $DISPLAY).
  • -geometry - Sets the client geometry of the first window that is shown.
  • -fn or -font - Defines the application font. The font should be specified using an X logical font description.
  • -bg or -background - Sets the default background color and an application palette (light and dark shades are calculated).
  • -fg or -foreground - Sets the default foreground color.
  • -btn or -button - Sets the default button color.
  • -name - Sets the application name.
  • -title - Sets the application title.
  • -visual - Forces the application to use a TrueColor visual on an 8-bit display.
  • -ncols - Limits the number of colors allocated in the color cube on an 8-bit display, if the application is using the QApplication::ManyColor color specification. If count is 216 then a 6x6x6 color cube is used (i.e. 6 levels of red, 6 of green, and 6 of blue); for other values, a cube approximately proportional to a 2x3x1 cube is used.
  • -cmap - Causes the application to install a private color map on an 8-bit display.

Running FreeCAD without GUI (headless)

FreeCAD is usually built with two executables: a GUI-capable one called FreeCAD or freecad, and a headless one, called FreeCADCmd or freecadcmd. FreeCAD can be used in console mode using the --console switch (which is the default behavior of FreeCADCmd):

FreeCAD --console

In console mode, no graphical user interface will be displayed, and you will be presented with a Python interpreter prompt: >>>. From that prompt, you have the same functionality as the Python interpreter that runs inside the FreeCAD GUI, and access to all modules and plugins of FreeCAD, except the FreeCADGui module. Be aware that modules that depend on FreeCADGui might also be unavailable.

To read more about console or headless mode, checkout Headless FreeCAD.

Running modules, macros and scripts

File type System Command line example
Module Windows "C:\Program Files\FreeCAD\bin\FreeCAD.exe" -M "C:\FreeCAD\Mod\Draft"
Linux FreeCAD_0.19 -M ~/.FreeCAD/Mod/Draft
Linux (AppImage) path/to/FreeCADXXX.AppImage -M ~/.FreeCAD/Mod/Draft
.FCMacro or .py Windows "C:\Program Files\FreeCAD\bin\FreeCAD.exe" "C:\Users\userName\AppData\Roaming\FreeCAD\Mod\WorkFeature\start_WF.FCMacro"
Linux FreeCAD_0.19 ~/.FreeCAD/Mod/WorkFeature/start_WF.FCMacro
Linux (AppImage) path/to/FreeCADXXX.AppImage ~/.FreeCAD/Mod/WorkFeature/start_WF.FCMacro

See Macro at Startup on how to set up a macro to automatically run at FreeCAD startup.

Zmienne środowiskowe

FreeCAD supports the following environment variables, which can be used to configure directories: introduced in version 0.19

Environment variable Corresponding config var name Synopsis
FREECAD_USER_HOME UserHomePath FreeCAD's "base" directory for keeping local user data.
FREECAD_USER_DATA UserAppData If not set, defaults to FREECAD_USER_HOME/.FreeCAD, but only if FREECAD_USER_HOME is set.
FREECAD_USER_TEMP AppTempPath If not set, defaults to FREECAD_USER_HOME/temp, but only if FREECAD_USER_HOME is set.

If the specified path does not exist, the setting is ignored!

The above environment variables are meant to be used to realize a portable FreeCAD environment. For an example how environment variables can be used from the command line on Linux refer to the notes for Linux users on the downloads page.

HOME

FreeCAD uses Qt, which does honor the HOME environmental variable. Thus, setting HOME can be used to specify the base directory of Qt-related configuration files (.config/FreeCAD/FreeCAD.conf).

FreeCad itself does not honor the HOME environmental variable (because it determines the user's home directory from a lower-level system API). Use FREECAD_USER_HOME for this pupose.

TMPDIR

The default temporary directory is /tmp/. The TMPDIR environmental variable can be used to override the default. (Editor: precedence?).

Libraries

Some libraries need to call system environment variables. Sometimes when there is a problem with a FreeCAD installation, it is because some environment variable is absent or incorrect. Therefore, some important variables get duplicated in the Config and saved in the log file.

Python

  • PYTHONPATH
  • PYTHONHOME
  • TCL_LIBRARY
  • TCLLIBPATH

OpenCascade

  • CSF_MDTVFontDirectory
  • CSF_MDTVTexturesDirectory
  • CSF_UnitsDefinition
  • CSF_UnitsLexicon
  • CSF_StandardDefaults
  • CSF_PluginDefaults
  • CSF_LANGUAGE
  • CSF_SHMessage
  • CSF_XCAFDefaults
  • CSF_GraphicShr
  • CSF_IGESDefaults
  • CSF_STEPDefaults

Configuration set

On every startup FreeCAD examines its surrounding and the command line parameters. It builds up a configuration set which holds the essence of the runtime information. This information is later used to determine the place where to save user data or log files. It is also very important for post postmortem analyzes. Therefore it is saved in the log file.

User related information

Config var name Synopsis Example Windows Example Linux
UserAppData Path where FreeCAD stores User Related application data. C:\Documents and Settings\username\AppData\FreeCAD
Short path : %APPDATA%\FreeCAD
/home/username/.FreeCAD
Short path : ~/.FreeCAD
UserParameter File where FreeCAD stores User Related application data. C:\Documents and Settings\username\AppData\FreeCAD\user.cfg
Short path : %APPDATA%\FreeCAD\user.cfg
/home/username/.FreeCAD/user.cfg
Short path : ~/.FreeCAD/user.cfg
SystemParameter File where FreeCAD stores Application Related data. C:\Documents and Settings\username\AppData\FreeCAD\system.cfg
Short path : %APPDATA%\FreeCAD\system.cfg
/home/username/.FreeCAD/system.cfg
Short path : ~/.FreeCAD/system.cfg
UserHomePath Home path of the current user C:\Documents and Settings\username
Short path : %USERPROFILE%
/home/username
Short path : ~

Note: For Linux distributions, an additional configuration file that relates to Qt may exist at path /home/username/.config/FreeCAD/FreeCAD.conf.

Command line arguments

Config var name Synopsis Example
LoggingFile 1 if the logging is switched on 1
LoggingFileName File name where the log is placed C:\Documents and Settings\username\AppData\FreeCAD\FreeCAD.log
RunMode This indicates how the main loop will work. "Script" means that the given script is called and then exit. "Cmd" runs the command line interpreter. "Internal" runs an internal script. "Gui" enters the Gui event loop. "Module" loads a given python module. "Cmd"
FileName Meaning depends on the RunMode
ScriptFileName Meaning depends on the RunMode
Verbose Verbosity level of FreeCAD "" or "strict"
OpenFileCount Holds the number of files opened through command line arguments "12"
AdditionalModulePaths Holds the additional Module paths given in the cmd line "extraModules/"

System related

Config var name Synopsis Example Windows Example Linux
AppHomePath Path where FreeCAD is installed c:/Progam Files/FreeCAD_0.19 /user/local/FreeCAD_0.19
PythonSearchPath Holds a list of paths which python search modules. This is at startup can change during execution
AppTempPath Path of the temporary directory. Can be given with TMPDIR environment variable, or with the Std DlgParameter.svg Parameter Editor: Tools → Edit parameters... → BaseApp → Preferences → General → TempPath /tmp/ (default)

Build related information

The table below shows the available information about the Build version. Most of it comes from the Subversion repository. This stuff is needed to exactly rebuild a version!

Config var name Synopsis Example
BuildVersionMajor Major Version number of the Build. Defined in src/Build/Version.h.in 0
BuildVersionMinor Minor Version number of the Build. Defined in src/Build/Version.h.in 7
BuildRevision SVN Repository Revision number of the src in the Build. Generated by SVN 356
BuildRevisionRange Range of different changes 123-356
BuildRepositoryURL Repository URL https://free-cad.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/free-cad/trunk/src
BuildRevisionDate Date of the above Revision 2007/02/03 22:21:18
BuildScrClean Indicates if the source was changed after checkout Src modified
BuildScrMixed Src not mixed

Branding related

These Config entries are related to the branding mechanism of FreeCAD. See Branding for more details.

Config var name Synopsis Example
ExeName Name of the build Executable file. Can differ from FreeCAD if a different main.cpp is used. FreeCAD.exe
ExeVersion Over all Version shows up at start time "0.19"
AppIcon Icon which is used for the Executable, shows in Application MainWindow. "FCIcon"
ConsoleBanner Banner which is prompted in console mode
SplashPicture Name of the Icon used for the Splash Screen "FreeCADSplasher"
SplashAlignment Alignment of the Text in the Splash dialog "Bottom" or "Left"
SplashTextColor Color of the splasher Text "#000000"
StartWorkbench Name of the Workbench which get started automatically after Startup "Part design"
HiddenDockWindow List of dockwindows (separated by a semicolon) which will be disabled "Property editor"

Querying the configuration

From FreeCAD's Python console

Entries of the the configuration set can be queried with the config var name (see tables above) from the Python console. For example:

 >>> FreeCAD.ConfigGet("ExeVersion")
 '0.19'

If the name is not found, an empty string is returned.

From command line

Use the --get-config <config-var-name> option to query a single name. Not all names are supported. For example:

 FreeCAD_0.19 --get-config ExeVersion

Use the --dump-config option to get a list of names and their values. Not all names are supported.

From FreeCAD console

Start FreeCAD in console mode with --console and query with Python code. For example:

 $ FreeCAD_0.19 --console
 [FreeCAD Console mode <Use Ctrl-D (i.e. EOF) to exit.>]
 >>> FreeCAD.ConfigGet("ExeVersion")
 '0.19'
 >>> exit()

For Linux (bash shell) you can modify the following command line to suit your needs:

 $ FreeCAD_0.19 --console <<EOF
 print( "FREECAD_USER_HOME: " + ( "not set" if ( os.environ.get('FREECAD_USER_HOME') is None ) else os.environ.get('FREECAD_USER_HOME') ) )
 print( "UserHomePath: " + FreeCAD.ConfigGet("UserHomePath") )
 exit()
 EOF

Starting FreeCAD from the desktop

Linux: Creating an additional start option

The following assumes that your desktop is configured such that you can launch FreeCAD from it. Depending on your Linux distribution and desktop environment, you may have to adapt the following steps:

  1. Copy the freedesktop entry file for FreeCAD from /usr/share/applications/freecad.desktop to ~/.local/share/applications.
  2. Change the name from freecad.desktop to something else (e.g. MyFreeCADConfig.desktop).
  3. Open the file with a text editor and change how FreeCAD is invoked by modifying the line starting with Exec.
  4. As a result, an additional entry in your start menu/application launcher is available. This way, you can have multiple FreeCAD entries with various launch options.

Starting FreeCAD from a portable USB medium

introduced in version 0.19

Windows

Put the FreeCAD executable, FreeCAD.exe, on the USB medium. Create a batch file, FreeCAD.bat, and put it into the same directory as FreeCAD.exe. Inside the batch file write:

set CURRENTDIR=%cd%
set FREECAD_USER_HOME=%CURRENTDIR%
start FreeCAD.exe -u FreeCAD/user.cfg -s FreeCAD/system.cfg --write-log

or with FREECAD_USER_DATA

set CURRENTDIR="%cd%"
set FREECAD_USER_DATA=%CURRENTDIR%/..
start FreeCAD.exe -u %FREECAD_USER_DATA%/user.cfg -s %FREECAD_USER_DATA%/system.cfg

Now double-click the batch file to start FreeCAD. (see)