Navegación Ratón

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Overview

Vista general

La Navegación Ratón de FreeCAD consiste en los comandos utilizados para navegar visualmente por el espacio tridimensional e interactuar con los objetos mostrados. Actualmente hay 3 esquemas diferentes de navegación con el ratón en FreeCAD. El estilo de navegación por defecto se denomina "Navegación CAD", y es muy simple y práctico, pero FreeCAD también tiene dos estilos de navegación alternativos modelados según la navegación de Inventor y Blender.

For more information about selecting objects see Selection methods.

For more information about manipulating objects see Std TransformManip.

Selecting a navigation style

  • En el Editor de Preferencias, sección Display, pestaña Vista 3D;
  • Pulsando con el botón derecho en un área vacía de la vista 3D y seleccionando Estilo de navegación en el menú contextual.

Available navigation styles

Navegación de Blender

The Blender navigation style was modeled after Blender.

En la Navegación de Blender, no se puede hacer un encuadre sólo con el ratón. Para hacer un encuadre, debes mantener presionada la tecla SHIFT.

Selección Encuadre Zoom Rotar vista
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Selección shift+Encuadre o Mouse LMB+RMB.svg Zoom Rotar vista
Presiona el botón izquierdo del ratón sobre el objeto que quieras seleccionar. Mantén presionada la tecla de mayúsculas (shift) y pulsa el botón del medio del ratón, o mantenga presionados los botones Izquierda y Derecha y mueva. Utiliza la rueda del ratón para alejar o acercar la vista. Pulsa y arrastra con el botón del medio del ratón.


Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Shift+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Shift and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer.

Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer. |Zoom_text=Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Rotate_view_text=Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. }}

CAD navigation

Navegación CAD

Este es el estilo de navegación por defecto y permite al usuario un control simple de la vista, y no requiere el uso del teclado con la excepción de la realización de selecciones múltiples.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
First method
Rotate view
Alternate method
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select.

Holding down Ctrl allows the selection of multiple objects.

Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Clicking the middle mouse button re-centers the view on the location of the cursor.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

If the buttons are released before you stop the mouse motion, the view continues spinning, if this is enabled.

A double click with the middle mouse button sets a new center of rotation.

Hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

With this method the middle mouse button may be released after the right mouse button is held pressed.

Users who use the mouse with their right hand may find this method easier than the first method.

Ctrl+Mouse RMB.svg Ctrl+Shift+Mouse RMB.svg Shift+Mouse RMB.svg
Pan mode: hold the Ctrl key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. Zoom mode: hold the Ctrl and Shift keys, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer. Rotate mode: hold the Shift key, press the right mouse button once, then move the pointer.

Navegación Gestual

This style was tailored for use with a touchscreen and pen. Nevertheless, it can also be used with a mouse, and is recommended for use when using a Mac with a trackpad.

This navigation style was tailored for usability with touchscreen and pen, but is very usable with mouse too.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view Tilt view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

In Sketcher and other edit modes, this behavior is disabled. Hold Alt when pressing the mouse button to enter rotation mode.

To set the camera's focus point for rotation, click a point with the middle mouse button. Alternatively, aim the cursor at a point and press H on the keyboard.

Hold both left and right mouse buttons, and then move the pointer sideways.
Touch Tap.svg Touch Two-Finger-Drag.svg Touch Tap-Hold-Drag.svg Touch Pinch.svg Touch One-Finger-Drag.svg Touch Rotate.svg
Tap to select. Drag with two fingers.

Alternatively, tap and hold, then drag. This simulates the pan with the right mouse button.

Drag two fingers (pinch) closer or farther apart. Drag with one finger to rotate.

Hold Alt when in the Sketcher.

Rotate the imaginary line formed by two touch points.

On v0.18 this method is disabled by default. To enable, go to Edit → Preferences → Display, and untick "Disable touchscreen tilt gesture" checkbox.

Alternatively, tap and hold, then drag. This simulates the pan with the right mouse button. |Zoom_text=Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Zoom_gesture_text=Drag two fingers (pinch) closer or farther apart. |Rotate_view_text=Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer. In Sketcher and other edit modes, this behavior is disabled. Hold Alt when pressing the mouse button to enter rotation mode.

To set the camera's focus point for rotation, click a point with the middle mouse button. Alternatively, aim the cursor at a point and press H on the keyboard. |Rotate_view_gesture_text=Drag with one finger to rotate.

Hold Alt when in the Sketcher. |Tilt_view_text=Hold both left and right mouse buttons, then move the pointer sideways. |Tilt_view_gesture_text=Rotate the imaginary line formed by two touch points.

On v0.18 this method is disabled by default. To enable, go to Edit → Preferences → Display, and untick "Disable touchscreen tilt gesture" checkbox. }}

Navegación Maya-Gestual

In Maya-Gesture Navigation, panning, zooming, and rotating the view require the Alt key together with a mouse button; therefore, a three-button mouse is required. It's also possible to use gestures as this mode was developed over the Gesture navigation mode.

Selección Pan Zoom Rotar la vista
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg {KEY+Mouse MMB hold.svg {KEY+Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg {KEY+Mouse LMB hold.svg
{{{Select_text}}} {{{Pan_text}}} {{{Zoom_text}}} {{{Rotate_view_text}}}

|Select_text=Presione el botón izquierdo del ratón sobre un objeto que desee seleccionar. |Pan_text=Mantenga pulsados Alt y el botón central del ratón, luego mueva el puntero. |Zoom_text=Mantenga pulsados Alt y el botón derecho del ratón, luego mueva el puntero.

Alternatively, use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. |Rotate_view_text=Hold Alt and the left mouse button, then move the pointer. }}

OpenCascade

The OpenCascade navigation style was modeled after OpenCascade.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Ctrl+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Ctrl+Mouse LMB hold.svg Ctrl+Mouse RMB hold.svg


Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold Ctrl and the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold Ctrl and the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

OpenInventor navigation

Navegación de Inventor

La navegación de OpenInventor (antes Inventor) fue modelada según Open Inventor. Para seleccionar los objetos, debe mantener pulsada la tecla Ctrl.

Este modo no está basado en el Autodesk Inventor.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Ctrl+Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse MMB+LMB hold.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg
Hold Ctrl, then press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

OpenSCAD navigation

The OpenSCAD navigation style was modeled after OpenSCAD.

introduced in version 0.20

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Shift+Mouse RMB hold.svg Mouse LMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold Shift and the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

Hold the left mouse button, then move the pointer.

Navegación Revit

The Revit navigation style was modeled after Revit.

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse LMB+RMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Shift+Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB+RMB hold.svg


Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold both left and right mouse buttons, then move the pointer.

Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Hold Shift and the middle mouse button, then move the pointer.

Alternatively, hold the middle mouse button, then press and hold the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

TinkerCAD navigation

The TinkerCAD navigation style was modeled after TinkerCAD.

introduced in version 0.20

Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Mouse LMB.svg Mouse MMB hold.svg Mouse MMB rotate.svg Mouse RMB hold.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold the middle mouse button, then move the pointer. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Press the right mouse button, then move the pointer.

Navegación Touchpad

In Touchpad Navigation, panning, zooming, and rotating the view require a modifier key together with the touchpad.

En la Navegación Touchpad, ni el barrido, ni el acercamiento, ni la rotación de vista son operaciones exclusivas del ratón (o del touchpad).

Select Pan Zoom Rotate View
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
to Select shift+to Pan PgUp / PgDn alt+to Rotate
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold shift and move the object around. Use PgUp and PgDn to zoom in and out. Hold alt and move the pointer.
or or
shift+ctrl+to Zoom shift+ctrl+to ROtate
Hold down both the shift and the ctrl keys, press the left mouse button, and move the pointer. Hold down both the shift and the ctrl keys and move the pointer.


Select Pan Zoom Rotate view
Hand cursor.png Pan cursor.png Zoom cursor.png Rotate cursor.png
Touchpad LB.svg Shift+Touchpad.svg PageUp, PageDown Alt+Touchpad.svg
Press the left mouse button over an object you want to select. Hold Shift, then move the pointer. Use PageUp and PageDown to zoom in and out. Hold Alt, then move the pointer.
Shift+Ctrl+Touchpad.svg Shift+Touchpad LB hold.svg
Alternatively, hold Shift and Ctrl, then move the pointer. Alternatively, hold Shift and the left button, then move the pointer.

Soporte de Hardware

FreeCAD también soporta algún Dispositivo de entrada 3D.

Problemas en Mac OS X

Recientemente hemos recibido reportes en el foro de usuarios Mac que esas combinaciones de ratón y tecla no funcionan como se espera. Desafortunadamente, ninguno de los desarrolladores posee una Mac, tampoco otros contribuidores regulares. Necesitamos de tu ayuda para determinar que combinaciones de ratón y tecla funcionan para poder actualizar este wiki.

Developing a custom navigation

The tutorial Adding a new mouse navigation option to FreeCAD orients developers who want to develop a custom mouse navigation option. Familiarity with the C++ syntax is required.


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