Установка в Linux

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Обзор

The installation of FreeCAD on the most well-known Linux systems has been now endorsed by the community, and FreeCAD should be directly available via the package manager available on your distribution. The FreeCAD team also provides some:

Ubuntu и Ubuntu подобные системы

Многие дистрибутивы Linux базируются на Ubuntu и используют их репозитории. Кроме официальных вариантов (Kubuntu, Lubuntu и Xubuntu), существуют неофициальные дистрибутивы, такие как Mnint, Voyager и другие. Приведенные ниже опции установки должны быть совместимыми с этими системами.

Официальная версия

FreeCAD доступен в репозиториях Ubuntu Universe и может быть установлен через Центр управления программным обеспечением или через терминал:

sudo apt install freecad

Note: the Ubuntu Universe package may be outdated as the packaging may lag behind the latest stable source code. In this case, it is suggested to install the package from the -stable PPA below. In addition, installing the -daily package can be done to test the development branch.

Стабильная PPA версия

Персанальный Архив Пакетов (Personal Package Archive (PPA)) для стабильной версии FreeCAD поддерживается сообществом FreeCAD на Launchpad community. Launchpad репозиторий называется как FreeCAD Stable Releases .

С помощью графического интерфеса

Установка стабильного PPA с помощью графического интерфейса (GUI):

1. Navigate to Ubuntu Software → Software & Updates → Software Sources → Other Software
2. Click on Add, then copy and paste the following line
ppa:freecad-maintainers/freecad-stable
3. Add the source, close the dialog, and reload your software sources, if asked.

Now you can find and install the last stable FreeCAD version from the Ubuntu Software Center.

Через командную строку

Установите стабильный PPA через коммандную строку:

1. Добавьте PPA в свои источники программного обеспечения:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:freecad-maintainers/freecad-stable
2. Извлеките обновленные списки пакетов:
sudo apt update
3. Затем установите FreeCAD вместе с комплектом оффлайн документации:
sudo apt install freecad freecad-doc

Note: из-за проблем с упаковкой в некоторых версиях Ubuntu у пакета freecad-doc возникают коллизии с пакетом самого FreeCAD или одной из его зависимостей; в этом случае удалите пакет freecad-doc и установите только пакет freecad. Если пакет freecad-doc не существует, проигнорируйте его установку.

Проверка Установки

4. Как только вы добавите стабильный PPA в свои исходные файлы одним из вышеперечисленных методов, пакет freecad установит эту версию PPA поверх версии, предоставленной репозиторием Ubuntu Universe. Вы можете просмотреть доступные версии с помощью следующей команды apt-cache :
apt-cache policy freecad
Результат должен выглядеть примерно так (конечно, информация о версии будет отличаться):
freecad:
  Installed: (none)
  Candidate: 2:0.18.4+dfsg1~201911060029~ubuntu18.04.1
  Version table:
     2:0.18.4+dfsg1~201911060029~ubuntu18.04.1 500
        500 http://ppa.launchpad.net/freecad-maintainers/freecad-stable/ubuntu bionic/main amd64 Packages
     0.16.6712+dfsg1-1ubuntu2 500
        500 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic/universe amd64 Packages
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ apt-cache policy freecad-doc
5. Вызовите стабильную (PPA) версию FreeCAD через графический интерфейс или через командную строку. Последний метод заключается в следующем:
./freecad

Development PPA (Daily)

As FreeCAD is in constant development, you may wish to install the daily package to keep with the latest improvements and bug fixes. The repository is also hosted on Launchpad and is called freecad-daily.

This version is compiled daily from the official master repository. Please beware that although it will contain new features and bug fixes, it may also have newer bugs, and be unstable.

Add the daily PPA to your software sources, update the package lists, and install the daily package:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:freecad-maintainers/freecad-daily
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install freecad-daily

Every day you can update to the latest daily:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install freecad-daily

Note: in some cases new code or dependencies added to FreeCAD will cause packaging errors; if this happens, a daily package may not be generated until the maintainers manually fix the problems. If you wish to continue testing the latest code, you should get the source code and compile FreeCAD directly; for instructions see compiling.

Запустите ежедневную (PPA) версию FreeCAD:

freecad-daily

Note: it is possible to install both the -stable and -daily packages in the same system. This is useful if you wish to work with a stable version, and still be able to test the latest features in development. Notice that the executable for the daily version is freecad-daily, but for the stable version it is just freecad.

Debian и прочие базирующиеся на нём системы

Начиная с Debian Lenny, FreeCAD доступен прямо из программных репозиториев Debian и может быть установлен через synaptic или просто через:

sudo apt-get install freecad

OpenSUSE

FreeCAD is typically installed with YAST (abbr. Yet another Setup Tool) the Linux operating system setup and configuration tool, or in any terminal/console (root rights required) with:

zypper install FreeCAD

Note: This procedure only covers the installation of officially released stable FreeCAD program versions, depending on the installed links to the program package repositories of your OS version. The openSUSE package may be outdated as the packaging may lag behind the latest stable source code. In this case, it is suggested to install the package manually from the below indicated (Expand) source repositories.

A vast release program for FreeCAD package builds are offered. Please visit for a survey:

Survey of repositories on openSUSE

Generally for selecting the correct openSUSE distribution needed it is necessary to click on the particular View button.

Stable

The stable package version: Stable repositories on openSUSE. The correct openSUSE distribution version must be selected in the lower part of the web page.

Note: openSUSE has several options to choose from when downloading FreeCAD. To view these options, visit Survey of stable repositories on openSUSE.

Development

Latest development releases AKA unstable: Unstable repositories listings on openSUSE

It is recommended to grab the binary packages directly. Then select the correct distribution for your installed openSUSE OS.

Gentoo

FreeCAD может быть скомпилирован/установлен просто вызовом:

emerge freecad

Fedora

FreeCAD has been included in the official Fedora packages since Fedora 20. It can be installed from the command line with:

sudo dnf install freecad

On older Fedora releases, that was:

sudo yum install freecad

The gui packages managers can also be used. Search for "freecad". The official release package version tends to be well behind the FreeCAD releases. Package: freecad shows the versions included in the Fedora repositories over time and versions.

More current versions can be obtained by downloading one of the .AppImagereleases from the github repository. These work fine on Fedora.

If you want to keep up with the absolute latest daily builds, FreeCAD is also available on copr. To install the build from there, in a terminal session, enter:

sudo dnf copr enable @freecad/nightly
sudo dnf install freecad

That leaves the copr repository active, so

sudo dnf upgrade

or equivalent, will update to the latest FreeCAD build, along with updates from any of the other active repos. If you want something a bit more stable, you can disable @freecad/nightly again after the initial install. The copr repository only keeps builds from the past 2 weeks. This is not a solution if you want to pick a specific older version.

Инструкции также доступны в компиляция FreeCAD самостоятельно, включая сценарий специально для Fedora. С небольшим изменением, чтобы проверить конкретную фиксацию из git, любая версия начиная примерно с FreeCAD 0.15 может быть построена на любом дистрибутиве начиная с Fedora 21.

Arch

Installing FreeCAD on Arch Linux and derivatives (ex. Manjaro):

pacman -S freecad

Другие

If you find out that your system features FreeCAD but is not documented in this page, please tell us on the forum!

Many alternative, non-official FreeCAD packages are available on the net, for example for systems like slackware or fedora. A search on the net can quickly give you some results.

Ручная установка в системах, основанных на .deb

If for some reason you cannot use one of the above methods, you can always download one of the .deb packages available on the Download page.
Linux.png Ubuntu 32/64bit AppImage-logo.png AppImage 64bit


Once you downloaded the .deb corresponding to your system version, if you have the Gdebi package installed (usually it is), you just need to navigate to where you downloaded the file, and double-click on it. The necessary dependencies will be taken care of automatically by your system package manager. Alternatively you can also install it from the terminal, navigating to where you downloaded the file, and type:

sudo dpkg -i Name_of_your_FreeCAD_package.deb

changing Name_of_your_FreeCAD_package.deb by the name of the file you downloaded.

After you installed FreeCAD, a startup icon will be added in the "Graphic" section of your Start Menu.

Установка в других Linux/Unix системах

Many common Linux distros now include a precompiled FreeCAD as part of the standard packages. This is often out of date, but is a place to start. Check the standard package managers for your system. One of the following (partial) list of commands could install the official version of FreeCAD for your distro from the terminal. These probably need administrator privileges.

apt-get install freecad
dnf install freecad
emerge freecad
slackpkg install freecad
yum install freecad
zypper install freecad

The package name is case sensitive, so try `FreeCAD` as well as `freecad`. If that does not work for you, either because your package manager does not have a precompiled FreeCAD version available, or because the available version is too old for your needs, you can try downloading one of the .AppImage releases from the github repository. These tend to work on most 64 bit Linux distributions, without any special installation. Just make sure the downloaded file is marked as executable, then run it.

Если и этого недостаточно, и вы не можете найти другой источник предварительно скомпилированного пакета для вашей ситуации, вам потребуется скомпилировать FreeCAD самостоятельно.

Установка Windows Версии в Linux

Смотрите страницу: Установка в Windows.

Следующий Шаг

После того, как вы установили FreeCAD, пора приступить к работе!