Draft: Serie ortogonale
|Posizione nel menu|
|Modifiche → Strumenti serie → Serie|
|Introdotto nella versione|
|Serie polare, Serie circolare, Serie su tracciato, Serie di link su tracciato, Serie su punti, Clone|
Lo strumento Serie crea una schiera (array) ortogonale (3 assi) o polare utilizzando gli oggetti selezionati.
Questo strumento può essere utilizzato su qualsiasi oggetto che abbia una Part TopoShape, che significa forme 2D create con Draft, ma anche solidi 3D creati con altri ambienti, ad esempio Part, PartDesign o Arch. Può anche creare App Link anziché semplici copie.
- To create polar or circular arrays, use the corresponding and tools.
- To position copies along a path use or .
- To position copies at specified points use or .
- To create copies and manually place them use or .
- To create exact copies and manually place or scale them, use or .
This command deprecates the previously existingas well as the short lived tools.
Una serie ortogonale da un oggetto solido, l'oggetto al centro
- Select the object that you wish to duplicate.
- Press the button. If no object is selected, you will be invited to select one.
- The task panel is launched, where you can select the number of elements in each X, Y, Z direction; and the interval between each created element.
- You can click on the 3D view to set up all the numbers and intervals, and complete the command. Otherwise, just press or the button to complete the operation.
- Each element in the array is an exact clone of the original object, but the entire array is considered a single unit in terms of properties and appearance.
- This command creates the same parametric "Array" object as the one created with the DataArray Type property. and tools. Therefore, the array can be converted to orthogonal, polar, or circular by changing its
These are the options displayed in the task panel.
- Number of elements: the elements in the X, Y, and Z directions. A copy of the original object is always produced, so this number must be at least
1in every direction.
- X intervals: the values of displacement for the copies in the X direction. To create strictly rectangular arrays, the Y and Z values should be zero
(x, 0, 0).
- Y intervals: the values of displacement for the copies in the Y direction. To create strictly rectangular arrays, the X and Z values should be zero
(0, y, 0).
- Z intervals: the values of displacement for the copies in the Z direction. To create strictly rectangular arrays, the X and Y values should be zero
(0, 0, z).
- Reset X, Y, Z: it resets the interval vectors to a rectangular displacement, that is
(x, 0, 0),
(0, y, 0), and
(0, 0, z).
- Fuse: if it is checked, the resulting objects in the array will fuse together if they touch each other. This only works if Link array is unchecked.
- Link array: if it is checked, the resulting array will be a "Link array". This array internally uses App Link objects, so it is more efficient when handling many copies of complex shapes. However, in this case, the objects cannot be fused together.
- Press or the button to abort the current command.
Note: if a Link array is created, this object cannot be converted to a regular array. And similarly, a regular array cannot be converted to a Link array. Therefore, you must choose the type of array that you want at creation time.
An OrthoArray is derived from a Part Feature (
Part::Feature class), therefore it shares all the latter's properties. In addition to the properties described in Part Feature, the OrthoArray has the following properties in the property editor.
- DataArray Type (
Enumeration): specifies the type of array to create,
- DataAxis Reference (
LinkGlobal): specifies the object and edge that can be used as reference for polar and circular arrays; for example, it can be the edge of a or a . If this property exists, it overrides both DataAxis and DataCenter, for polar and circular arrays.
- DataBase (
Link): specifies the object to duplicate in the array.
- DataFuse (
Bool): it defaults to
false; if it is
true, and the copies intersect with each other, they will be fused together into a single shape. This only works if the initial array was not a "Link array".
- DataInterval X (
VectorDistance): a vector specifying the interval between each copy on the X axis.
- DataInterval Y (
VectorDistance): a vector specifying the interval between each copy on the Y axis.
- DataInterval Z (
VectorDistance): a vector specifying the interval between each copy on the Z axis.
- DataNumber X (
Integer): the number of copies on the X direction. The DataBase object counts as one copy; it must be at least
- DataNumber Y (
Integer): the number of copies on the Y direction.
- DataNumber Z (
Integer): the number of copies on the Z direction.
- DataAxis (
Vector): the axis direction around which the elements in a polar or circular array are created.
- DataCenter (
VectorDistance): specifies the center point of the polar or circular array. The DataAxis passes through this point. For circular arrays, the DataCenter specifies an offset from the DataPlacement of the DataBase object.
- DataAngle (
Angle): specifies the aperture of the circular arc to cover with copies; use 360 to cover an entire circle.
- DataInterval Axis (
VectorDistance): distance and orientation of each copy in DataAxis direction.
- DataNumber Polar (
Integer): number of copies in the polar direction.
- DataNumber Circles (
Integer): the number of circular layers to create. The DataBase object counts as one layer; it must be at least
- DataRadial distance (
Distance): the distance between circular layers.
- DataSymmetry (
Integer): a number that indicates the symmetry lines in the circular layers. This number changes the distribution of the objects and making it very large may eliminate the more central layers.
- DataTangential Distance (
Distance): the distance between copies in the same circular layer.
In addition to the previous properties, these properties only appear when the array is created as a Link array.
- DataCount (
Integer): (read-only) it is the total number of objects in the array including the original object. This property is read-only as the value depends on the other "Number" properties, whether they are orthogonal, polar, or circular.
- DataExpand Array (
Bool): if it is
true, the individual App Link objects will be available to select in the tree view.
- DataScale (
Float): the scale factor of the entire array.
- DataScale List (
VectorList): a list of N-vectors determining the individual scaling factor of each of the N-elements in the array, where N is DataCount.
- DataLink Transform (
Bool): if it is
falseit can override the linked object's placement.
The "Number" properties, whether for orthogonal, polar, or circular arrays, includes the original object, so this value must be at least one.
An interval is not a simple distance, but a vector
(x, y, z). If more than one value is non-zero, the copy will be created in the main direction, but will also be displaced in the other non-zero directions.
For example, if DataInterval X is
(2 m, 1 m, 1 m), and DataNumber X is
3, it will create 3 copies in the X direction; the first copy will be at the original position, the second will be displaced 2 m on X, 1 m on Y, and 1 m on Z; the third copy will be displaced 4 m on X, 2 m on Y, and 2 m on Z. Each array element will be moved slightly to one side (Y direction) and up (Z direction) beside the main X direction.
The DataInterval Axis property works in the same way. If the original shape lies on the XY plane, creating a polar array with DataInterval Axis
(0, 0, z) allows you to make spiral arrangements, as each copy will be moved a
Configuration of individual Link objects
Normally, App Link objects are intended to be exact copies of their DataLinked Object. However, there is a pending feature that will allow configuring individual properties of select App Link copies; this could be useful for Link Arrays. This feature is called a "configuration table".
array = makeArray(baseobject, xvector, yvector, zvector, xnum, ynum, znum, use_link=False)
array = make_ortho_array(base_object, v_x=App.Vector(10, 0, 0), v_y=App.Vector(0, 10, 0), v_z=App.Vector(0, 0, 10), n_x=2, n_y=2, n_z=1, use_link=True)
array = make_ortho_array2d(base_object, v_x=App.Vector(10, 0, 0), v_y=App.Vector(0, 10, 0), n_x=2, n_y=2, use_link=True)
- Creates an
"Array"object from the
- Instead of a reference to an object,
base_objectcan also be the
Label(string) of an object existing in the current document.
- The vectors
v_zdetermine the distance between the base points of each copy, in the X, Y, and Z directions; and
n_zare the number of copies in the respective direction.
True, the type of array created will be a Link array, whose elements are App Link instances instead of simple copies.
make_ortho_array2dignores the Z component, so the result is going to be a 2D array in the XY plane.
- Instead of a reference to an object,
array = make_rect_array(base_object, d_x=10, d_y=10, d_z=10, n_x=2, n_y=2, n_z=1, use_link=True)
array = make_rect_array2d(base_object, d_x=10, d_y=10, n_x=2, n_y=2, use_link=True)
_rect_variants ignore the off-diagonal components of the
v_zvectors, so the arrays will be completely rectangular; the distance between the elements is determined by
import FreeCAD as App import Draft doc = App.newDocument() rect = Draft.make_rectangle(1500, 500) v_x = App.Vector(1600, 0, 0) v_y = App.Vector(0, 600, 0) array = Draft.make_ortho_array2d(rect, v_x, v_y, 3, 4) doc.recompute()
Scripting, non-parametric array
When using the
"Array" object is created. This can be scripted as described in the previous section.
However, to obtain standalone copies of the base object, the simple
Draft.array function can be used. This will create simple copies, not a new parametric object.
To create a rectangular array, use it like this:
array_list = array(objectslist, xvector, yvector, xnum, ynum) array_list = array(objectslist, xvector, yvector, zvector, xnum, ynum, znum)
- Creates an array from the objects contained in
objectslist, which can be a single object or a list of objects.
- In case of a rectangular array,
zvectordetermine the distance between the base points of each copy, in the X, Y, and Z directions; and
znumare the number of copies in the respective direction.
array_listis returned with the new copies. It is either a single object or a list of objects, depending on the input
- In case of a rectangular array,
This function internally uses
import FreeCAD as App import Draft doc = App.newDocument() rect = Draft.make_rectangle(1500, 500) v_x = App.Vector(1600, 0, 0) v_y = App.Vector(0, 600, 0) array = Draft.array(rect, v_x, v_y, 3, 4) doc.recompute()