Fragmentos Código

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Introducción

Esta página contiene ejemplos, pedazos, trozos de código de Python en FreeCAD recogidos de experiencias de los usuarios y las discusiones en los forums foros. Lee y utilízala como punto de partida para tus propios archivos de guión ...

Fragmentos

Un típico archivo InitGui.py

Cada módulo debe contener, además de tu archivo del módulo principal, un archivo InitGui.py, responsable de insertar el módulo en la interfaz GUI principal. Este es un ejemplo de uno sencillo:

class ScriptWorkbench (Workbench): 
    MenuText = "Scripts"
    def Initialize(self):
        import Scripts # assuming Scripts.py is your module
        list = ["Script_Cmd"] # That list must contain command names, that can be defined in Scripts.py
        self.appendToolbar("My Scripts",list) 
        
Gui.addWorkbench(ScriptWorkbench())

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Un típico archivo de módulo

Este es un ejemplo de un archivo de módulo principal, que contiene todo lo que tu módulo hace. Es el archivo Scripts.py invocado por el ejemplo anterior. Puedes tener en él todos tus comandos personalizados.

import FreeCAD, FreeCADGui 
 
class ScriptCmd: 
   def Activated(self): 
       # Here your write what your ScriptCmd does...
       FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage('Hello, World!')
   def GetResources(self): 
       return {'Pixmap' : 'path_to_an_icon/myicon.png', 'MenuText': 'Short text', 'ToolTip': 'More detailed text'} 
       
FreeCADGui.addCommand('Script_Cmd', ScriptCmd())

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Importar un nuevo tipo de archivo

Hacer un importador para un nuevo tipo de archivo en FreeCAD es fácil. FreeCAD no considera que importes datos de un documento abierto, sino que simplemente puede abrir directamente el nuevo tipo de archivo. Así que, lo qué tienes que hacer es añadir la nueva extensión de archivo a la lista de las extensiones conocidas de FreeCAD, y escribir el código que leerá el archivo, y crear los objetos de FreeCAD que desees.

Esta línea debe añadirse al archivo InitGui.py para agregar la nueva extensión de archivo a la lista:

# Assumes Import_Ext.py is the file that has the code for opening and reading .ext files
FreeCAD.addImportType("Your new File Type (*.ext)","Import_Ext")

Y despues en el archivo Import_Ext.py :

def open(filename): 
   doc=App.newDocument()
   # here you do all what is needed with filename, read, classify data, create corresponding FreeCAD objects
   doc.recompute()

Para exportar tu documentno a algún nuevo tipo de archivo, se haría del mismo modo, salvo que usarías:

FreeCAD.addExportType("Your new File Type (*.ext)","Export_Ext")

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Añadir una linea

Una línea simplemente tiene 2 puntos.

import Part,PartGui 
doc=App.activeDocument() 
# add a line element to the document and set its points 
l=Part.LineSegment()
l.StartPoint=(0.0,0.0,0.0)
l.EndPoint=(1.0,1.0,1.0)
doc.addObject("Part::Feature","Line").Shape=l.toShape() 
doc.recompute()

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Añadir un polígono

Un polígono es simplemente un conjunto de segmentos de línea concetados (una polilínea en AutoCAD). No tiene que ser necesariamente cerrado.

import Part, PartGui 
doc = App.activeDocument()
n = list() 

# create a 3D vector, set its coordinates and add it to the list 
v = App.Vector(0,0,0) 
n.append(v) 
v = App.Vector(10,0,0) 
n.append(v) 
#... repeat for all nodes 

# Create a polygon object and set its nodes 
p = doc.addObject("Part::Polygon","Polygon") 
p.Nodes = n 
doc.recompute()

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Añadir y eliminar un objeto a/de un grupo

doc=App.activeDocument() 
grp=doc.addObject("App::DocumentObjectGroup", "Group") 
lin=doc.addObject("Part::Feature", "Line")
grp.addObject(lin) # adds the lin object to the group grp
grp.removeObject(lin) # removes the lin object from the group grp

Nota: También puedes añadir grupos a otros grupos...

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Añadir una Malla

import Mesh
doc=App.activeDocument()
# create a new empty mesh
m = Mesh.Mesh()
# build up box out of 12 facets
m.addFacet(0.0,0.0,0.0, 0.0,0.0,1.0, 0.0,1.0,1.0)
m.addFacet(0.0,0.0,0.0, 0.0,1.0,1.0, 0.0,1.0,0.0)
m.addFacet(0.0,0.0,0.0, 1.0,0.0,0.0, 1.0,0.0,1.0)
m.addFacet(0.0,0.0,0.0, 1.0,0.0,1.0, 0.0,0.0,1.0)
m.addFacet(0.0,0.0,0.0, 0.0,1.0,0.0, 1.0,1.0,0.0)
m.addFacet(0.0,0.0,0.0, 1.0,1.0,0.0, 1.0,0.0,0.0)
m.addFacet(0.0,1.0,0.0, 0.0,1.0,1.0, 1.0,1.0,1.0)
m.addFacet(0.0,1.0,0.0, 1.0,1.0,1.0, 1.0,1.0,0.0)
m.addFacet(0.0,1.0,1.0, 0.0,0.0,1.0, 1.0,0.0,1.0)
m.addFacet(0.0,1.0,1.0, 1.0,0.0,1.0, 1.0,1.0,1.0)
m.addFacet(1.0,1.0,0.0, 1.0,1.0,1.0, 1.0,0.0,1.0)
m.addFacet(1.0,1.0,0.0, 1.0,0.0,1.0, 1.0,0.0,0.0)
# scale to a edge langth of 100
m.scale(100.0)
# add the mesh to the active document
me=doc.addObject("Mesh::Feature","Cube")
me.Mesh=m

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Añadir un arco o un círculo

import Part
doc = App.activeDocument()
c = Part.Circle() 
c.Radius=10.0  
f = doc.addObject("Part::Feature", "Circle") # create a document with a circle feature 
f.Shape = c.toShape() # Assign the circle shape to the shape property 
doc.recompute()

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Acceder y cambiar la representación de un objeto

Cada objeto en un documento de FreeCAD tiene un objeto de representación de vista asociado que almacena todos los parámetros que definen cómo aparece ese objeto: por ejemplo, color, ancho de línea, etc... Ver también Listar los componentes de un objeto snippet abajo

gad = Gui.activeDocument() # access the active document containing all 
                           # view representations of the features in the
                           # corresponding App document 

v = gad.getObject("Cube")  # access the view representation to the Mesh feature 'Cube' 
v.ShapeColor               # prints the color to the console 
v.ShapeColor=(1.0,1.0,1.0) # sets the shape color to white

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Sustituir la forma de ratón con una imagen

import PySide2
from PySide2 import QtCore, QtGui, QtWidgets
from PySide2.QtWidgets import QApplication
from PySide2.QtGui import QColor, QPixmap, QImage, QPainter, QCursor
from PySide2.QtCore import Qt

myImage = QtGui.QPixmap("Complete_Path_to_image.bmp")
cursor = QtGui.QCursor(myImage)
QtWidgets.QApplication.setOverrideCursor(QtGui.QCursor(cursor))

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Sustituir la forma de ratón con una imagen (cruz) incluye

The image is created by Gimp exported in a .XPM file. Copy and use the code between the bracket "{" code to copy "}"

import PySide2
from PySide2 import QtCore, QtGui, QtWidgets
from PySide2.QtWidgets import QApplication
from PySide2.QtGui import QColor, QPixmap, QImage, QPainter, QCursor
from PySide2.QtCore import Qt

cross32x32Icon = [
"32 32 2 1",
" 	c None",
".	c #FF0000",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                                ",
"............... . ..............",
"                                ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               ",
"                .               "
]

myImage = QtGui.QPixmap(cross32x32Icon)
cursor = QtGui.QCursor(myImage)
QtWidgets.QApplication.setOverrideCursor(QtGui.QCursor(cursor))

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Observar los eventos del ratón en el visor 3D a través de Python

La estructura de Inventor permite añadir uno o más nodos de devolución de llamada al escenario gráfico del visor. De forma predeterminada en FreeCAD se instala un nodo de devolución de llamada por cada visor lo que permite añadir funciones C++ globales o estáticas. En el caso de la pasarela Python se han incluido algunos métodos para hacer uso de esta técnica dentro del código Python.

App.newDocument()
v=Gui.activeDocument().activeView()
 
#This class logs any mouse button events. As the registered callback function fires twice for 'down' and
#'up' events we need a boolean flag to handle this.
class ViewObserver:
   def logPosition(self, info):
       down = (info["State"] == "DOWN")
       pos = info["Position"]
       if (down):
           FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage("Clicked on position: ("+str(pos[0])+", "+str(pos[1])+")\n")
       
o = ViewObserver()
c = v.addEventCallback("SoMouseButtonEvent",o.logPosition)

Ahora, pulsa en algún lugar en la zona del visor 3D y observa los mensajes en la ventana de resultados. Para finalizar la observación sólo llama

v.removeEventCallback("SoMouseButtonEvent",c)

Se soportan los siguientes tipos de eventos:

  • SoEvent -- Todo tipo de eventos
  • SoButtonEvent -- Todos los eventos de los botones del ratón y del teclado
  • SoLocation2Event -- Eventos de movimiento 2D (normalmente movimientos del ratón)
  • SoMotion3Event -- Eventos de movimiento 3D (normalmente del spaceball)
  • SoKeyboardEvent -- Eventos de pulsar y soltar teclas
  • SoMouseButtonEvent -- Eventos de presionar y soltar los botones del ratón
  • SoSpaceballButtonEvent -- Eventos de presionar y soltar los botones del spaceball

La función de Python que se puede registrar con addEventCallback () espera un diccionario. Dependiendo del evento observado, el diccionario puede contener diferentes claves.

En todos los eventos existen las siguientes claves:

  • Type -- El nombre del tipo de evento i.e. SoMouseEvent, SoLocation2Event, ...
  • Time -- La hora actual como una cadena de texto
  • Position -- Una dupla de dos enteros, con la posición del ratón
  • ShiftDown -- Un booleano, true si la tecla Shift estaba presionada y false en caso contrario
  • CtrlDown -- Un booleano, true si la tecla Ctrl estaba presionada y false en caso contrario
  • AltDown -- Un booleano, true si la tecla Alt estaba presionada y false en caso contrario


Para los eventos de botones, (tanto del teclado, como del ratón o de un spaceball):

  • State -- Una cadena de texto 'UP' si el botón no estaba presionado, 'DOWN' si estaba presionado o 'UNKNOWN' para cualquier otro caso

Para eventos de teclado:

  • Key -- Un carácter de la tecla presionada

Para eventos de botón de ratón

  • Button -- El botón presionado, podría ser BUTTON1, ..., BUTTON5 o ANY

Para eventos de spaceball:

  • Button -- El botón presionado, podría ser BUTTON1, ..., BUTTON7 o ANY

Y por último, eventos de movimiento:

  • Translation -- Una tripla de tres números de coma flotante
  • Rotation -- Una cuádrupla para la rotación, i.e. a tupla de cuatro números de coma flotante

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Mostrar teclas pulsadas y comando eventos

Esta macro muestra en la vista de informes las teclas pulsadas y todos los eventos comando

App.newDocument()
v=Gui.activeDocument().activeView()
class ViewObserver:
   def logPosition(self, info):
       try:
           down = (info["Key"])
           FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage(str(down)+"\n") # here the character pressed
           FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage(str(info)+"\n") # list all events command
           FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage("_______________________________________"+"\n")
       except Exception:
           None
 
o = ViewObserver()
c = v.addEventCallback("SoEvent",o.logPosition)

#v.removeEventCallback("SoEvent",c) # remove ViewObserver

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Manipular escenario gráfico en Python

También es posible obtener y cambiar el escenario gráfico en Python, con el módulo 'Pivy' - una pasarela de Python para Coin.

from pivy.coin import *                # load the pivy module
view = Gui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView   # get the active viewer
root = view.getSceneGraph()            # the root is an SoSeparator node
root.addChild(SoCube())
view.fitAll()

La API en Python de Pivy está creada utilizando la herramienta de SWIG. En FreeCAD se usan algunos nodos auto-escritos, que no pueden crearse directamente en Python. Sin embargo, es posible crear un nodo por su nombre interno. Se puede crear una instancia del tipo "SoFCSelection" con

type = SoType.fromName("SoFCSelection")
node = type.createInstance()

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Añadir y eliminar objetos al/del escenario gráfico

La adición de nuevos nodos al escenario gráfico se puede hacer de esta manera. Ten cuidado de añadir siempre un SoSeparator para contener la geometría, las coordenadas y la información de materiales de un mismo objeto. En el ejemplo siguiente se agrega una línea roja desde (0,0,0) a (10,0,0):

from pivy import coin
sg = Gui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView.getSceneGraph()
co = coin.SoCoordinate3()
pts = [[0,0,0],[10,0,0]]
co.point.setValues(0,len(pts),pts)
ma = coin.SoBaseColor()
ma.rgb = (1,0,0)
li = coin.SoLineSet()
li.numVertices.setValue(2)
no = coin.SoSeparator()
no.addChild(co)
no.addChild(ma)
no.addChild(li)
sg.addChild(no)

Para quitarlo, simplemente escribe:

sg.removeChild(no)

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Guardar el sceneGraph en 3 series de 36 archivos

View the code snippet by expanding this section

import math
import time
from FreeCAD import Base
from pivy import coin

size=(1000,1000)
dirname = "C:/Temp/animation/"
steps=36
angle=2*math.pi/steps

matX=Base.Matrix()
matX.rotateX(angle)
stepsX=Base.Placement(matX).Rotation

matY=Base.Matrix()
matY.rotateY(angle)
stepsY=Base.Placement(matY).Rotation

matZ=Base.Matrix()
matZ.rotateZ(angle)
stepsZ=Base.Placement(matZ).Rotation

view=Gui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView
cam=view.getCameraNode()
rotCamera=Base.Rotation(*cam.orientation.getValue().getValue())

# this sets the lookat point to the center of circumsphere of the global bounding box
view.fitAll()

# the camera's position, i.e. the user's eye point
position=Base.Vector(*cam.position.getValue().getValue())
distance=cam.focalDistance.getValue()

# view direction
vec=rotCamera.multVec(Base.Vector(0,0,-1))

# this is the point on the screen the camera looks at
# when rotating the camera we should make this point fix
lookat=position+vec*distance

# around x axis
for i in range(steps):
    rotCamera=stepsX.multiply(rotCamera)
    cam.orientation.setValue(*rotCamera.Q)
    vec=rotCamera.multVec(Base.Vector(0,0,-1))
    pos=lookat-vec*distance
    cam.position.setValue(pos.x,pos.y,pos.z)
    Gui.updateGui()
    time.sleep(0.3)
    view.saveImage(dirname+"x-%d.png" % i,*size)

# around y axis
for i in range(steps):
    rotCamera=stepsY.multiply(rotCamera)
    cam.orientation.setValue(*rotCamera.Q)
    vec=rotCamera.multVec(Base.Vector(0,0,-1))
    pos=lookat-vec*distance
    cam.position.setValue(pos.x,pos.y,pos.z)
    Gui.updateGui()
    time.sleep(0.3)
    view.saveImage(dirname+"y-%d.png" % i,*size)

# around z axis
for i in range(steps):
    rotCamera=stepsZ.multiply(rotCamera)
    cam.orientation.setValue(*rotCamera.Q)
    vec=rotCamera.multVec(Base.Vector(0,0,-1))
    pos=lookat-vec*distance
    cam.position.setValue(pos.x,pos.y,pos.z)
    Gui.updateGui()
    time.sleep(0.3)
    view.saveImage(dirname+"z-%d.png" % i,*size)

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Añadir asistentes personalizados a la interfaz

Puedes crear asisstentes personalizados con Qt designer, transformarlos es archivos de guión en Python, y luego cargarlos en la interfaz de FreeCAD con PyQt4.

El código de Python producido por el compilador-UI de python (la herramienta que convierte archivos .UI de Qt-designer en código de Python) tiene, en general, este aspecto (es simple, también puedes escribir el código directamente en Python):

class myWidget_Ui(object):
    def setupUi(self, myWidget):
        myWidget.setObjectName("my Nice New Widget")
        myWidget.resize(QtCore.QSize(QtCore.QRect(0,0,300,100).size()).expandedTo(myWidget.minimumSizeHint())) # sets size of the widget
 
        self.label = QtGui.QLabel(myWidget) # creates a label
        self.label.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(50,50,200,24)) # sets its size
        self.label.setObjectName("label") # sets its name, so it can be found by name

    def retranslateUi(self, draftToolbar): # built-in QT function that manages translations of widgets
        myWidget.setWindowTitle(QtGui.QApplication.translate("myWidget", "My Widget", None, QtGui.QApplication.UnicodeUTF8))
        self.label.setText(QtGui.QApplication.translate("myWidget", "Welcome to my new widget!", None, QtGui.QApplication.UnicodeUTF8))

Despues, todo lo que necesitas hacer es crear una referencia a la ventana Qt de FreeCAD, insertar un widget personalizado en ella, y "transformar" ese widget en el tuyo con el código UI que acabas de hacer:

app = QtGui.qApp
FCmw = app.activeWindow() # the active qt window, = the freecad window since we are inside it
# FCmw = FreeCADGui.getMainWindow() # use this line if the 'addDockWidget' error is declared
myNewFreeCADWidget = QtGui.QDockWidget() # create a new dckwidget
myNewFreeCADWidget.ui = myWidget_Ui() # load the Ui script
myNewFreeCADWidget.ui.setupUi(myNewFreeCADWidget) # setup the ui
FCmw.addDockWidget(QtCore.Qt.RightDockWidgetArea,myNewFreeCADWidget) # add the widget to the main window

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Añadir una pestaña a la vista combinada

El siguiente código te permite añadir una pestaña al Vista Combinada de FreeCAD, además de las pestañas "Proyecto" y "Tareas". Utiliza también el módulo UIC para cargar un archivo UI directamente en esa pestaña.

# create new Tab in ComboView
from PySide import QtGui,QtCore
#from PySide import uic

def getMainWindow():
   "returns the main window"
   # using QtGui.qApp.activeWindow() isn't very reliable because if another
   # widget than the mainwindow is active (e.g. a dialog) the wrong widget is
   # returned
   toplevel = QtGui.qApp.topLevelWidgets()
   for i in toplevel:
       if i.metaObject().className() == "Gui::MainWindow":
           return i
   raise Exception("No main window found")

def getComboView(mw):
   dw=mw.findChildren(QtGui.QDockWidget)
   for i in dw:
       if str(i.objectName()) == "Combo View":
           return i.findChild(QtGui.QTabWidget)
       elif str(i.objectName()) == "Python Console":
           return i.findChild(QtGui.QTabWidget)
   raise Exception ("No tab widget found")

mw = getMainWindow()
tab = getComboView(getMainWindow())
tab2=QtGui.QDialog()
tab.addTab(tab2,"A Special Tab")

#uic.loadUi("/myTaskPanelforTabs.ui",tab2)
tab2.show()
#tab.removeTab(2)

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Habilitar o deshabilitar una ventana

This script give the ability to manipulate the UI from the Python console to show/hide different components in the FreeCAD interface such as:

from PySide import QtGui
mw = FreeCADGui.getMainWindow()
dws = mw.findChildren(QtGui.QDockWidget)

# objectName may be :
# "Report view"
# "Tree view"
# "Property view"
# "Selection view"
# "Combo View"
# "Python console"
# "draftToolbar"

for i in dws:
  if i.objectName() == "Report view":
    dw = i
    break

va = dw.toggleViewAction()
va.setChecked(True)        # True or False
dw.setVisible(True)        # True or False

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Abrir una página web personalizada

import WebGui
WebGui.openBrowser("http://www.example.com")

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Obtener el contenido HTML de una página web abierta

from PySide import QtGui,QtWebKit
a = QtGui.qApp
mw = a.activeWindow()
v = mw.findChild(QtWebKit.QWebFrame)
html = unicode(v.toHtml())
print( html)

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Recuperar las coordenadas de 3 puntos u objetos seleccionados

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# the line above to put the accentuated in the remarks
# If this line is missing, an error will be returned
# extract and use the coordinates of 3 objects selected
import Part, FreeCAD, math, PartGui, FreeCADGui
from FreeCAD import Base, Console
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection() # " sel " contains the items selected
if len(sel)!=3 :
  # If there are no 3 objects selected, an error is displayed in the report view
  # The \r and \n at the end of line mean return and the newline CR + LF.
  Console.PrintError("Select 3 points exactly\r\n")
else :
  points=[]
  for obj in sel:
    points.append(obj.Shape.BoundBox.Center)

  for pt in points:
    # display of the coordinates in the report view
    Console.PrintMessage(str(pt.x)+"\r\n")
    Console.PrintMessage(str(pt.y)+"\r\n")
    Console.PrintMessage(str(pt.z)+"\r\n")

  Console.PrintMessage(str(pt[1]) + "\r\n")

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Listar todos los objetos

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import FreeCAD,Draft
# List all objects of the document
doc = FreeCAD.ActiveDocument
objs = FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.Objects
#App.Console.PrintMessage(str(objs) + "\n")
#App.Console.PrintMessage(str(len(FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.Objects)) + " Objects"  + "\n")

for obj in objs:
    a = obj.Name                                             # list the Name  of the object  (not modifiable)
    b = obj.Label                                            # list the Label of the object  (modifiable)
    try:
        c = obj.LabelText                                    # list the LabeText of the text (modifiable)
        App.Console.PrintMessage(str(a) +" "+ str(b) +" "+ str(c) + "\n") # Displays the Name the Label and the text
    except:
        App.Console.PrintMessage(str(a) +" "+ str(b) + "\n") # Displays the Name and the Label of the object

#doc.removeObject("Box") # Clears the designated object

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Listar las dimensiones de un objeto, dado su nombre

for edge in FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.MyObjectName.Shape.Edges: # replace "MyObjectName" for list
    print( edge.Length)

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Función residente con la acción del clic del ratón

Here with SelObserver on a object select

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# causes an action to the mouse click on an object
# This function remains resident (in memory) with the function "addObserver(s)"
# "removeObserver(s) # Uninstalls the resident function
class SelObserver:
    def setPreselection(self,doc,obj,sub):                # Preselection object
        App.Console.PrintMessage(str(sub)+ "\n")          # The part of the object name

    def addSelection(self,doc,obj,sub,pnt):               # Selection object
        App.Console.PrintMessage("addSelection"+ "\n")
        App.Console.PrintMessage(str(doc)+ "\n")          # Name of the document
        App.Console.PrintMessage(str(obj)+ "\n")          # Name of the object
        App.Console.PrintMessage(str(sub)+ "\n")          # The part of the object name
        App.Console.PrintMessage(str(pnt)+ "\n")          # Coordinates of the object
        App.Console.PrintMessage("______"+ "\n")

    def removeSelection(self,doc,obj,sub):                # Delete the selected object
        App.Console.PrintMessage("removeSelection"+ "\n")

    def setSelection(self,doc):                           # Selection in ComboView
        App.Console.PrintMessage("setSelection"+ "\n")

    def clearSelection(self,doc):                         # If click on the screen, clear the selection
        App.Console.PrintMessage("clearSelection"+ "\n")  # If click on another object, clear the previous object
s =SelObserver()
FreeCADGui.Selection.addObserver(s)                       # install the function mode resident
#FreeCADGui.Selection.removeObserver(s)                   # Uninstall the resident function

Other example with ViewObserver on a object select or view

App.newDocument()
v=Gui.activeDocument().activeView()
 
#This class logs any mouse button events. As the registered callback function fires twice for 'down' and
#'up' events we need a boolean flag to handle this.
class ViewObserver:
   def __init__(self, view):
       self.view = view
   
   def logPosition(self, info):
       down = (info["State"] == "DOWN")
       pos = info["Position"]
       if (down):
           FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage("Clicked on position: ("+str(pos[0])+", "+str(pos[1])+")\n")
           pnt = self.view.getPoint(pos)
           FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage("World coordinates: " + str(pnt) + "\n")
           info = self.view.getObjectInfo(pos)
           FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage("Object info: " + str(info) + "\n")

o = ViewObserver(v)
c = v.addEventCallback("SoMouseButtonEvent",o.logPosition)

inicio

Buscar/seleccionar todos los elementos por debajo del cursor

from pivy import coin
import FreeCADGui

def mouse_over_cb( event_callback):
    event = event_callback.getEvent()
    pos = event.getPosition().getValue()
    listObjects = FreeCADGui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView.getObjectsInfo((int(pos[0]),int(pos[1])))
    obj = []
    if listObjects:
        FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage("\n *** Objects under mouse pointer ***")
        for o in listObjects:
            label = str(o["Object"])
            if not label in obj:
                obj.append(label)
        FreeCAD.Console.PrintMessage("\n"+str(obj))


view = FreeCADGui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView

mouse_over = view.addEventCallbackPivy( coin.SoLocation2Event.getClassTypeId(), mouse_over_cb )

# to remove Callback :
#view.removeEventCallbackPivy( coin.SoLocation2Event.getClassTypeId(), mouse_over)

####
#The easy way is probably to use FreeCAD's selection.
#FreeCADGui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView.getObjectsInfo(mouse_coords)

####
#you get that kind of result :
#'Document': 'Unnamed', 'Object': 'Box', 'Component': 'Face2', 'y': 8.604081153869629, 'x': 21.0, 'z': 8.553047180175781

####
#You can use this data to add your element to FreeCAD's selection :
#FreeCADGui.Selection.addSelection(FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.Box,'Face2',21.0,8.604081153869629,8.553047180175781)

inicio

Listar los componentes de un objeto

This function list the components of an object and extracts:

  • this object its XYZ coordinates,
  • its edges and their lengths center of mass and coordinates
  • its faces and their center of mass
  • its faces and their surfaces and coordinates
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# This function list the components of an object
# and extract this object its XYZ coordinates,
# its edges and their lengths center of mass and coordinates
# its faces and their center of mass
# its faces and their surfaces and coordinates
# 8/05/2014

import Draft,Part
def detail():
    sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()   # Select an object
    if len(sel) != 0:                           # If there is a selection then
        Vertx=[]
        Edges=[]
        Faces=[]
        compt_V=0
        compt_E=0
        compt_F=0
        pas    =0
        perimetre = 0.0   
        EdgesLong = []

        # Displays the "Name" and the "Label" of the selection
        App.Console.PrintMessage("Selection > " + str(sel[0].Name) + "  " + str(sel[0].Label) +"\n"+"\n")

        for j in enumerate(sel[0].Shape.Edges):                                     # Search the "Edges" and their lengths
            compt_E+=1
            Edges.append("Edge%d" % (j[0]+1))
            EdgesLong.append(str(sel[0].Shape.Edges[compt_E-1].Length))
            perimetre += (sel[0].Shape.Edges[compt_E-1].Length)                     # calculates the perimeter

            # Displays the "Edge" and its length
            App.Console.PrintMessage("Edge"+str(compt_E)+" Length > "+str(sel[0].Shape.Edges[compt_E-1].Length)+"\n")

            # Displays the "Edge" and its center mass
            App.Console.PrintMessage("Edge"+str(compt_E)+" Center > "+str(sel[0].Shape.Edges[compt_E-1].CenterOfMass)+"\n")

            num = sel[0].Shape.Edges[compt_E-1].Vertexes[0]
            Vertx.append("X1: "+str(num.Point.x))
            Vertx.append("Y1: "+str(num.Point.y))
            Vertx.append("Z1: "+str(num.Point.z))
            # Displays the coordinates 1
            App.Console.PrintMessage("X1: "+str(num.Point[0])+" Y1: "+str(num.Point[1])+" Z1: "+str(num.Point[2])+"\n")

            try:
                num = sel[0].Shape.Edges[compt_E-1].Vertexes[1]
                Vertx.append("X2: "+str(num.Point.x))
                Vertx.append("Y2: "+str(num.Point.y))
                Vertx.append("Z2: "+str(num.Point.z))
            except:
                Vertx.append("-")
                Vertx.append("-")
                Vertx.append("-")
            # Displays the coordinates 2
            App.Console.PrintMessage("X2: "+str(num.Point[0])+" Y2: "+str(num.Point[1])+" Z2: "+str(num.Point[2])+"\n")

            App.Console.PrintMessage("\n")
        App.Console.PrintMessage("Perimeter of the form  : "+str(perimetre)+"\n") 

        App.Console.PrintMessage("\n")
        FacesSurf = []
        for j in enumerate(sel[0].Shape.Faces):                                      # Search the "Faces" and their surface
            compt_F+=1
            Faces.append("Face%d" % (j[0]+1))
            FacesSurf.append(str(sel[0].Shape.Faces[compt_F-1].Area))

            # Displays 'Face' and its surface
            App.Console.PrintMessage("Face"+str(compt_F)+" >  Surface "+str(sel[0].Shape.Faces[compt_F-1].Area)+"\n")

            # Displays 'Face' and its CenterOfMass
            App.Console.PrintMessage("Face"+str(compt_F)+" >  Center  "+str(sel[0].Shape.Faces[compt_F-1].CenterOfMass)+"\n")

            # Displays 'Face' and its Coordinates
            FacesCoor = []
            fco = 0
            for f0 in sel[0].Shape.Faces[compt_F-1].Vertexes:                        # Search the Vertexes of the face
                fco += 1
                FacesCoor.append("X"+str(fco)+": "+str(f0.Point.x))
                FacesCoor.append("Y"+str(fco)+": "+str(f0.Point.y))
                FacesCoor.append("Z"+str(fco)+": "+str(f0.Point.z))

            # Displays 'Face' and its Coordinates
            App.Console.PrintMessage("Face"+str(compt_F)+" >  Coordinate"+str(FacesCoor)+"\n")

            # Displays 'Face' and its Volume
            App.Console.PrintMessage("Face"+str(compt_F)+" >  Volume  "+str(sel[0].Shape.Faces[compt_F-1].Volume)+"\n")
            App.Console.PrintMessage("\n")

        # Displays the total surface of the form
        App.Console.PrintMessage("Surface of the form    : "+str(sel[0].Shape.Area)+"\n")

        # Displays the total Volume of the form
        App.Console.PrintMessage("Volume  of the form    : "+str(sel[0].Shape.Volume)+"\n")

detail()

inicio

Listar de PropiedadesLista

import FreeCADGui
from FreeCAD import Console
o = App.ActiveDocument.ActiveObject
op = o.PropertiesList
for p in op:
    Console.PrintMessage("Property: "+ str(p)+ " Value: " + str(o.getPropertyByName(p))+"\r\n")

inicio

Añadir un único comentario sobre la propiedad

import Draft
obj = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()[0]
obj.addProperty("App::PropertyString","GComment","Draft","Font name").GComment = "Comment here"
App.activeDocument().recompute()

inicio

Búsqueda y extracción de datos

Examples of research and decoding information on an object.

Each section is independently and is separated by "############" can be copied directly into the Python console, or in a macro or use this macro. The description of the macro in the commentary.

Displaying it in the "Report View" window (View > Views > Report view)

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from __future__ import unicode_literals
 
# Exemples de recherche et de decodage d'informations sur un objet
# Chaque section peut etre copiee directement dans la console Python ou dans une macro ou utilisez la macro tel quel
# Certaines commandes se repetent seul l'approche est differente
# L'affichage se fait dans la Vue rapport : Menu Affichage > Vues > Vue rapport
#
# Examples of research and decoding information on an object
# Each section can be copied directly into the Python console, or in a macro or uses this macro
# Certain commands as repeat alone approach is different
# Displayed in Report view: View > Views > report view
#
# rev:30/08/2014:29/09/2014:17/09/2015 22/11/2019
 
from FreeCAD import Base
import DraftVecUtils, Draft, Part

# search the name of the active document 
mydoc = FreeCAD.activeDocument().Name                                     # Name of active Document
App.Console.PrintMessage("Active docu    : "+(mydoc)+"\n")
##################################################################################

# search the label of the object selected
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
object_Label = sel[0].Label                                               # Label of the object (modifiable)
App.Console.PrintMessage("object_Label   : "+(object_Label)+"\n")
##################################################################################

#TypeID object FreeCAD selected
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
App.Console.PrintMessage("sel            : "+str(sel[0])+"\n\n")          # sel[0] first object selected
##################################################################################

# search the Name of the object selected
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
object_Name  = sel[0].Name                                                # Name of the object (not modifiable)
App.Console.PrintMessage("object_Name    : "+str(object_Name)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################

# search the Sub Element Name of the sub object selected
try:
    SubElement = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelectionEx()                    # sub element name with getSelectionEx()
    element_ = SubElement[0].SubElementNames[0]                           # name of 1 element selected
    App.Console.PrintMessage("elementSelec   : "+str(element_)+"\n\n")            
except:
    App.Console.PrintMessage("Oups"+"\n\n")            
##################################################################################

# give the length of the subObject selected
SubElementLength = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].Length # sub element or element name with getSelectionEx()
App.Console.PrintMessage("SubElement length: "+str(SubElementLength)+"\n")# length
##################################################################################

# list the edges and the coordinates of the object[0] selected
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
i = 0
for j in enumerate(sel[0].Shape.Edges):                                   # list all Edges
    i += 1
    App.Console.PrintMessage("Edges n : "+str(i)+"\n")
    a = sel[0].Shape.Edges[j[0]].Vertexes[0]
    App.Console.PrintMessage("X1             : "+str(a.Point.x)+"\n")     # coordinate XYZ first point
    App.Console.PrintMessage("Y1             : "+str(a.Point.y)+"\n")     #
    App.Console.PrintMessage("Z1             : "+str(a.Point.z)+"\n")     #
    try:
        a = sel[0].Shape.Edges[j[0]].Vertexes[1]
        App.Console.PrintMessage("X2             : "+str(a.Point.x)+"\n") # coordinate XYZ second point
        App.Console.PrintMessage("Y2             : "+str(a.Point.y)+"\n") #
        App.Console.PrintMessage("Z2             : "+str(a.Point.z)+"\n") #
    except:
        App.Console.PrintMessage("Oups"+"\n")    
App.Console.PrintMessage("\n")    
##################################################################################

# give the sub element name, length, coordinates, BoundBox, BoundBox.Center, Area of the SubObjects selected
try:
    SubElement = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelectionEx()                                        # sub element name with getSelectionEx()
    subElementName = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubElementNames[0]                     # sub element name with getSelectionEx()
    App.Console.PrintMessage("subElementName : "+str(subElementName)+"\n")
    
    subObjectLength = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].Length                  # sub element Length
    App.Console.PrintMessage("subObjectLength: "+str(subObjectLength)+"\n\n")
    
    subObjectX1 = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].Vertexes[0].Point.x         # sub element coordinate X1
    App.Console.PrintMessage("subObject_X1   : "+str(subObjectX1)+"\n")
    subObjectY1 = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].Vertexes[0].Point.y         # sub element coordinate Y1
    App.Console.PrintMessage("subObject_Y1   : "+str(subObjectY1)+"\n")
    subObjectZ1 = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].Vertexes[0].Point.z         # sub element coordinate Z1
    App.Console.PrintMessage("subObject_Z1   : "+str(subObjectZ1)+"\n\n")

    try:
        subObjectX2 = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].Vertexes[1].Point.x     # sub element coordinate X2
        App.Console.PrintMessage("subObject_X2   : "+str(subObjectX2)+"\n")
        subObjectY2 = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].Vertexes[1].Point.y     # sub element coordinate Y2
        App.Console.PrintMessage("subObject_Y2   : "+str(subObjectY2)+"\n")
        subObjectZ2 = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].Vertexes[1].Point.z     # sub element coordinate Z2
        App.Console.PrintMessage("subObject_Z2   : "+str(subObjectZ2)+"\n\n")
    except:
        App.Console.PrintMessage("Oups"+"\n\n")            

    subObjectBoundBox = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].BoundBox              # sub element BoundBox coordinates
    App.Console.PrintMessage("subObjectBBox  : "+str(subObjectBoundBox)+"\n")
    
    subObjectBoundBoxCenter = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].BoundBox.Center # sub element BoundBoxCenter
    App.Console.PrintMessage("subObjectBBoxCe: "+str(subObjectBoundBoxCenter)+"\n")
    
    surfaceFace = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].Area                        # Area of the face selected
    App.Console.PrintMessage("surfaceFace    : "+str(surfaceFace)+"\n\n")
except:
    App.Console.PrintMessage("Oups"+"\n\n")            
##################################################################################

# give the area of the object
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
surface = sel[0].Shape.Area                                               # Area object complete
App.Console.PrintMessage("surfaceObjet   : "+str(surface)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################

# give the Center Of Mass and coordinates of the object
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
CenterOfMass = sel[0].Shape.CenterOfMass                                  # Center of Mass of the object
App.Console.PrintMessage("CenterOfMass   : "+str(CenterOfMass)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("CenterOfMassX  : "+str(CenterOfMass[0])+"\n")   # coordinates [0]=X [1]=Y [2]=Z
App.Console.PrintMessage("CenterOfMassY  : "+str(CenterOfMass[1])+"\n")   # or CenterOfMass.x, CenterOfMass.y, CenterOfMass.z
App.Console.PrintMessage("CenterOfMassZ  : "+str(CenterOfMass[2])+"\n\n")
##################################################################################

# list the all faces of the object selected
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
for j in enumerate(sel[0].Shape.Faces):                                   # List alles faces of the object
    App.Console.PrintMessage("Face           : "+str("Face%d" % (j[0]+1))+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("\n\n")
##################################################################################

# give the volume of the object selected
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
volume_ = sel[0].Shape.Volume                                             # Volume of the object
App.Console.PrintMessage("volume_        : "+str(volume_)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################
 
# give the BoundBox of the oject selected all type
objs = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
if len(objs) >= 1:                                                         # serch the object type
    if hasattr(objs[0], "Shape"):
        s = objs[0].Shape
    elif hasattr(objs[0], "Mesh"):      # upgrade with wmayer thanks #http://forum.freecadweb.org/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=22331
        s = objs[0].Mesh
    elif hasattr(objs[0], "Points"):
        s = objs[0].Points

boundBox_= s.BoundBox                                                     # BoundBox of the object
App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBox_      : "+str(boundBox_)+"\n")         # 
 
boundBoxLX   = boundBox_.XLength                                          # Length x boundBox rectangle
boundBoxLY   = boundBox_.YLength                                          # Length y boundBox rectangle
boundBoxLZ   = boundBox_.ZLength                                          # Length z boundBox rectangle

boundBoxXMin = boundBox_.XMin                                             # coordonate XMin
boundBoxYMin = boundBox_.YMin                                             # coordonate YMin
boundBoxZMin = boundBox_.ZMin                                             # coordonate ZMin
boundBoxXMax = boundBox_.XMax                                             # coordonate XMax
boundBoxYMax = boundBox_.YMax                                             # coordonate YMax
boundBoxZMax = boundBox_.ZMax                                             # coordonate ZMax

boundBoxDiag= boundBox_.DiagonalLength                                    # Diagonal Length boundBox rectangle
boundBoxCenter = boundBox_.Center                                         # BoundBox Center

App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxLX     : "+str(boundBoxLX)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxLY     : "+str(boundBoxLY)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxLZ     : "+str(boundBoxLZ)+"\n\n")

App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxXMin   : "+str(boundBoxXMin)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxYMin   : "+str(boundBoxYMin)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxZMin   : "+str(boundBoxZMin)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxXMax   : "+str(boundBoxXMax)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxYMax   : "+str(boundBoxYMax)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxZMax   : "+str(boundBoxZMax)+"\n\n")

App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxDiag   : "+str(boundBoxDiag)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("boundBoxCenter : "+str(boundBoxCenter)+"\n\n")

##################################################################################

# give the complete placement of the object selected
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
pl = sel[0].Shape.Placement                                               # Placement Vector XYZ and Yaw-Pitch-Roll
App.Console.PrintMessage("Placement      : "+str(pl)+"\n")
##################################################################################

# give the placement Base (xyz) of the object selected
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
pl = sel[0].Shape.Placement.Base                                          # Placement Vector XYZ
App.Console.PrintMessage("PlacementBase  : "+str(pl)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################
 
# give the placement Base (xyz) of the object selected
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
oripl_X = sel[0].Placement.Base[0]                                        # decode Placement X
oripl_Y = sel[0].Placement.Base[1]                                        # decode Placement Y
oripl_Z = sel[0].Placement.Base[2]                                        # decode Placement Z

# same 
#oripl_X = sel[0].Placement.Base.x                                        # decode Placement X
#oripl_Y = sel[0].Placement.Base.y                                        # decode Placement Y
#oripl_Z = sel[0].Placement.Base.z                                        # decode Placement Z
 
App.Console.PrintMessage("oripl_X        : "+str(oripl_X)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("oripl_Y        : "+str(oripl_Y)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("oripl_Z        : "+str(oripl_Z)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################

# give the placement rotation of the object selected (x, y, z, angle rotation)
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
rotation = sel[0].Placement.Rotation                                      # decode Placement Rotation
App.Console.PrintMessage("rotation              : "+str(rotation)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################

# give the placement rotation of the object selected (x, y, z, angle rotation)
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
pl = sel[0].Shape.Placement.Rotation                                      # decode Placement Rotation other method
App.Console.PrintMessage("Placement Rot         : "+str(pl)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################

# give the rotation of the object selected (angle rotation)
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
pl = sel[0].Shape.Placement.Rotation.Angle                                # decode Placement Rotation Angle
App.Console.PrintMessage("Placement Rot Angle   : "+str(pl)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################

# give the rotation.Q of the object selected (angle rotation in Radian) for convert: math.degrees(angleInRadian)
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                                 # select object with getSelection()
Rot   = sel[0].Placement.Rotation.Q                                       # Placement Rotation Q
App.Console.PrintMessage("Rot           : "+str(Rot)+ "\n")
 
Rot_0 = sel[0].Placement.Rotation.Q[0]                                    # decode Placement Rotation Q
App.Console.PrintMessage("Rot_0         : "+str(Rot_0)+ " rad ,  "+str(180 * Rot_0 / 3.1416)+" deg "+"\n") # or math.degrees(angle)
 
Rot_1 = sel[0].Placement.Rotation.Q[1]                                    # decode Placement Rotation 1
App.Console.PrintMessage("Rot_1         : "+str(Rot_1)+ " rad ,  "+str(180 * Rot_1 / 3.1416)+" deg "+"\n") # or math.degrees(angle)
 
Rot_2 = sel[0].Placement.Rotation.Q[2]                                    # decode Placement Rotation 2
App.Console.PrintMessage("Rot_2         : "+str(Rot_2)+ " rad ,  "+str(180 * Rot_2 / 3.1416)+" deg "+"\n") # or math.degrees(angle)

Rot_3 = sel[0].Placement.Rotation.Q[3]                                    # decode Placement Rotation 3
App.Console.PrintMessage("Rot_3         : "+str(Rot_3)+"\n\n")

Rot_Axis = sel[0].Placement.Rotation.Axis                                 # Placement Rotation .Axis
App.Console.PrintMessage("Rot_Axis      : "+str(Rot_Axis)+ "\n")
 
Rot_Angle = sel[0].Placement.Rotation.Angle                               # Placement Rotation .Angle
App.Console.PrintMessage("Rot_Angle     : "+str(Rot_Angle)+ "\n\n")
##################################################################################

# give the rotation of the object selected toEuler (angle rotation in degrees)
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()                             # select object with getSelection()
angle   = sel[0].Shape.Placement.Rotation.toEuler()                   # angle Euler
App.Console.PrintMessage("Angle          : "+str(angle)+"\n")
Yaw   = sel[0].Shape.Placement.Rotation.toEuler()[0]                  # decode angle Euler Yaw (Z) lacet (alpha)
App.Console.PrintMessage("Yaw            : "+str(Yaw)+"\n")
Pitch = sel[0].Shape.Placement.Rotation.toEuler()[1]                  # decode angle Euler Pitch (Y) tangage (beta)
App.Console.PrintMessage("Pitch          : "+str(Pitch)+"\n")
Roll  = sel[0].Shape.Placement.Rotation.toEuler()[2]                  # decode angle Euler Roll (X) roulis (gamma)
App.Console.PrintMessage("Roll           : "+str(Roll)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################

# find Midpoint of the selected line
import Draft, DraftGeomUtils
sel = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()
vecteur = DraftGeomUtils.findMidpoint(sel[0].Shape.Edges[0])              # find Midpoint
App.Console.PrintMessage(vecteur)
Draft.makePoint(vecteur)
##################################################################################

inicio

Búsqueda manual de un elemento con etiqueta

# Extract the coordinate X,Y,Z and Angle giving the label (here "Cylindre")
App.Console.PrintMessage("Base.x       : "+str(FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.getObjectsByLabel("Cylindre")[0].Placement.Base.x)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("Base.y       : "+str(FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.getObjectsByLabel("Cylindre")[0].Placement.Base.y)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("Base.z       : "+str(FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.getObjectsByLabel("Cylindre")[0].Placement.Base.z)+"\n")
App.Console.PrintMessage("Base.Angle   : "+str(FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.getObjectsByLabel("Cylindre")[0].Placement.Rotation.Angle)+"\n\n")
##################################################################################

Note: Usually the angles are given in Radian. To convert them:

  1. angle in Degrees to Radians :
    • Angle in radian = pi * (angle in degree) / 180
    • Angle in radian = math.radians(angle in degree)
  2. angle in Radians to Degrees :
    • Angle in degree = 180 * (angle in radian) / pi
    • Angle in degree = math.degrees(angle in radian)

inicio

Coordenadas cartesianas

This code displays the Cartesian coordinates of the selected item.

Change the value of "numberOfPoints" if you want a different number of points (precision)

numberOfPoints = 100                                                         # Decomposition number (or precision you can change)
selectedEdge = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].copy() # select one element
points  = selectedEdge.discretize(numberOfPoints)                            # discretize the element
i=0
for p in points:                                                             # list and display the coordinates
    i+=1
    print( i, " X", p.x, " Y", p.y, " Z", p.z)

Other method display on "Int" and "Float"

import Part
from FreeCAD import Base

c=Part.makeCylinder(2,10)        # create the circle
Part.show(c)                     # display the shape

# slice accepts two arguments:
#+ the normal of the cross section plane
#+ the distance from the origin to the cross section plane. Here you have to find a value so that the plane intersects your object
s=c.slice(Base.Vector(0,1,0),0)  # 

# here the result is a single wire
# depending on the source object this can be several wires
s=s[0]

# if you only need the vertexes of the shape you can use
v=[]
for i in s.Vertexes:
    v.append(i.Point)

# but you can also sub-sample the section to have a certain number of points (int) ...
p1=s.discretize(20)
ii=0
for i in p1:
    ii+=1
    print( i )                                             # Vector()
    print( ii, ": X:", i.x, " Y:", i.y, " Z:", i.z )       # Vector decode
Draft.makeWire(p1,closed=False,face=False,support=None)    # to see the difference accuracy (20)

## uncomment to use
#import Draft
#Draft.downgrade(App.ActiveDocument.ActiveObject,delete=True)  # first transform the DWire in Wire         "downgrade"
#Draft.downgrade(App.ActiveDocument.ActiveObject,delete=True)  # second split the Wire in single objects   "downgrade"
#
##Draft.upgrade(FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection(),delete=True) # to attach lines contiguous SELECTED use "upgrade"


# ... or define a sampling distance (float)
p2=s.discretize(0.5)
ii=0
for i in p2:
    ii+=1
    print( i )                                             # Vector()
    print( ii, ": X:", i.x, " Y:", i.y, " Z:", i.z )       # Vector decode 
Draft.makeWire(p2,closed=False,face=False,support=None)  # to see the difference accuracy (0.5)

## uncomment to use
#import Draft
#Draft.downgrade(App.ActiveDocument.ActiveObject,delete=True)  # first transform the DWire in Wire         "downgrade"
#Draft.downgrade(App.ActiveDocument.ActiveObject,delete=True)  # second split the Wire in single objects   "downgrade"
#
##Draft.upgrade(FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection(),delete=True) # to attach lines contiguous SELECTED use "upgrade"

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Seleccionar todos los objetos del documento

import FreeCAD
for obj in FreeCAD.ActiveDocument.Objects:
    print( obj.Name )                               # display the object Name
    objName = obj.Name
    obj = App.ActiveDocument.getObject(objName)
    Gui.Selection.addSelection(obj)                 # select the object

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Seleccionar un área de un objeto por Nombre objeto y Número área

# select one face of the object
import FreeCAD, Draft
App=FreeCAD
nameObject = "Box"                             # objet
faceSelect = "Face3"                           # face to selection
loch=App.ActiveDocument.getObject(nameObject)  # objet
Gui.Selection.clearSelection()                 # clear all selection
Gui.Selection.addSelection(loch,faceSelect)    # select the face specified
s = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()
#Draft.makeFacebinder(s)                       #

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Obtener el vector normal de un área de un objeto por Nombre objeto y número área (r.Q)

## normal of a face by giving the number of the face and the name of the object (rotation Q with yL, uV) = (App.Vector (x, y, z), angle))
## normal d'une face en donnant le numero de la face et le nom de l'objet (rotation Q avec yL, uV) = (App.Vector(x, y, z),angle))
from FreeCAD import Vector

numero_Face = 2      # number of the face searched (begin 0, 1, 2, 3 .....)
nomObjet    = "Box"  # object name
yL = Gui.ActiveDocument.getObject(nomObjet).Object.Shape.Faces[numero_Face].CenterOfMass
uv = Gui.ActiveDocument.getObject(nomObjet).Object.Shape.Faces[numero_Face].Surface.parameter(yL)

nv = Gui.ActiveDocument.getObject(nomObjet).Object.Shape.Faces[numero_Face].normalAt(uv[0], uv[1])
direction = yL.sub(nv + yL)
print("Direction  : ",direction)

r = App.Rotation(App.Vector(0,0,1),direction)
print("Rotation   : ", r)
print("Rotation Q : ", r.Q)

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Obtener el vector normal de un área de un objeto por Nombre del objeto y número de área

numero_Face = 2       # number of the face searched (begin 0, 1, 2, 3 .....)
nomObjet    = "Box"   # object name
normal      = Gui.ActiveDocument.getObject(nomObjet).Object.Shape.Faces[numero_Face].normalAt(0,0)
print("Face"+str(numero_Face), " : ", normal)

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Obtener el vector normal de un objeto seleccionado y el número de área

## normal of a face by giving the number of the face of the selected object
selectionObjects = FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelection()     
numero_Face = 3    # numero de la face recherchee
normal = selectionObjects[0].Shape.Faces[numero_Face].normalAt(0,0)
print(normal)
# selectionne la face numerotee
Gui.Selection.clearSelection()
Gui.Selection.addSelection(selectionObjects[0],"Face"+str(numero_Face))

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Obtener el vector normal en la superficie

This example show how to find normal vector on the surface by find the u,v parameters of one point on the surface and use u,v parameters to find normal vector

def normal(self):
   ss=FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[0].copy()#SubObjects[0] is the edge list
   points  = ss.discretize(3.0)#points on the surface edge, 
             #this example just use points on the edge for example. 
             #However point is not necessary on the edge, it can be anywhere on the surface. 
   face=FreeCADGui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0].SubObjects[1]
   for pp in points:
      pt=FreeCAD.Base.Vector(pp.x,pp.y,pp.z)#a point on the surface edge
      uv=face.Surface.parameter(pt)# find the surface u,v parameter of a point on the surface edge
      u=uv[0]
      v=uv[1]
      normal=face.normalAt(u,v)#use u,v to find normal vector
      print( normal)
      line=Part.makeLine((pp.x,pp.y,pp.z), (normal.x,normal.y,normal.z))
      Part.show(line)

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Obtener el vector normal de una superficie desde un archivo STL

def getNormal(cb):
    if cb.getEvent().getState() == coin.SoButtonEvent.UP:
        pp = cb.getPickedPoint()
        if pp:
            vec = pp.getNormal().getValue()
            index = coin.cast(pp.getDetail(), "SoFaceDetail").getFaceIndex()
            print("Normal: {}, Face index: {}".format(str(vec), index))

from pivy import coin
meth=Gui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView.addEventCallbackPivy(coin.SoMouseButtonEvent.getClassTypeId(), getNormal)

you are done then run for quit:

Gui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView.removeEventCallbackPivy(coin.SoMouseButtonEvent.getClassTypeId(), meth)

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Crear un objeto a la posición de la Cámara

# create one object of the position to camera with "getCameraOrientation()"
# the object is still facing the screen
import Draft

plan = FreeCADGui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView.getCameraOrientation()
plan = str(plan)
###### extract data
a    = ""
for i in plan:
    if i in ("0123456789e.- "):
        a+=i
a = a.strip(" ")
a = a.split(" ")
####### extract data

#print( a)
#print( a[0])
#print( a[1])
#print( a[2])
#print( a[3])

xP = float(a[0])
yP = float(a[1])
zP = float(a[2])
qP = float(a[3])

pl = FreeCAD.Placement()
pl.Rotation.Q = (xP,yP,zP,qP)         # rotation of object
pl.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(0.0,0.0,0.0) # here coordinates XYZ of Object
rec = Draft.makeRectangle(length=10.0,height=10.0,placement=pl,face=False,support=None) # create rectangle
#rec = Draft.makeCircle(radius=5,placement=pl,face=False,support=None)                   # create circle
print( rec.Name)

here same code simplified

import Draft
pl = FreeCAD.Placement()
pl.Rotation = FreeCADGui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView.getCameraOrientation()
pl.Base = FreeCAD.Vector(0.0,0.0,0.0)
rec = Draft.makeRectangle(length=10.0,height=10.0,placement=pl,face=False,support=None)

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Leer y escribir una expresión

import Draft
doc = FreeCAD.ActiveDocument

pl=FreeCAD.Placement()
pl.Rotation.Q=(0.0,-0.0,-0.0,1.0)
pl.Base=FreeCAD.Vector(0.0,0.0,0.0)
obj = Draft.makeCircle(radius=1.0,placement=pl,face=False,support=None)    # create circle

print( obj.PropertiesList )                                                  # properties disponible in the obj

doc.getObject(obj.Name).setExpression('Radius', u'2mm')                    # modify the radius
doc.getObject(obj.Name).setExpression('Placement.Base.x', u'10mm')         # modify the placement 
doc.getObject(obj.Name).setExpression('FirstAngle', u'90')                 # modify the first angle
doc.recompute()

expressions = obj.ExpressionEngine                                         # read the expression list
print( expressions)

for i in expressions:                                                      # list and separate the data expression
    print( i[0]," = ",i[1])

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Crear un boceto en una superficie en DiseñoPieza

This snippet can be useful, if you want to create a sketch on a surface in PartDesign from inside a macro. Note, that body might be None, if no active body is selected and that the Selection might be empty.

body = Gui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView.getActiveObject('pdbody')
first_selection = Gui.Selection.getSelectionEx()[0]

feature = first_selection.Object
face_name = first_selection.SubElementNames[0]

sketch = App.ActiveDocument.addObject('Sketcher::SketchObject','MySketch')
body.addObject(sketch)
sketch.MapMode = 'FlatFace'
sketch.Support = (feature, face_name)

App.ActiveDocument.recompute()

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Cómo simular un clic del ratón en una coordenada determinada

The position is relative to the GL widget. See forum thread.

from PySide2 import QtCore
from PySide2 import QtGui
from PySide2 import QtWidgets

mw = Gui.getMainWindow()
gl = mw.findChild(QtWidgets.QOpenGLWidget)
me = QtGui.QMouseEvent(QtCore.QEvent.MouseButtonRelease, QtCore.QPoint(800,300), QtCore.Qt.LeftButton, QtCore.Qt.LeftButton, QtCore.Qt.NoModifier)

app = QtWidgets.QApplication.instance()
app.sendEvent(gl, me)

If you have a 3d point and want to get the 2d point on the opengl widget then use this:

from PySide2 import QtCore
from PySide2 import QtGui
from PySide2 import QtWidgets
from FreeCAD import Base

x, y, z, = 10,10,10
v = Gui.ActiveDocument.ActiveView
point3d = Base.Vector(x, y, z)
point2d = v.getPointOnScreen(point3d)
size = v.getSize()
coordX = point2d[0]
coordY = size[1] - point2d[1]

me = QtGui.QMouseEvent(QtCore.QEvent.MouseButtonRelease, QtCore.QPoint(coordX,coordY), QtCore.Qt.LeftButton, QtCore.Qt.LeftButton, QtCore.Qt.NoModifier)

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How to create a face with holes using Python API

This snippet demonstrates how to create a face with internal holes through the Python API. See forum thread.

import FreeCAD, Part

# Create poles that will define the Face
pts = [(-2, 2, 0),
       (0, 2, 1),
       (2, 2, 0),
       (2, -2, 0),
       (0, -2, 1),
       (-2, -2, 0)]

bs = Part.BSplineCurve()
bs.buildFromPoles(pts, True)  # True makes this periodic/closed

# Make the Face from the curve
myFace = Part.makeFilledFace([bs.toShape()])

# Create geometry for holes that will be cut in the surface
hole0 = Part.Geom2d.Circle2d(FreeCAD.Base.Vector2d(0,0), 1.0)
hole1 = Part.Geom2d.Circle2d(FreeCAD.Base.Vector2d(0,1.5), 0.1)

edge0 = hole0.toShape(myFace)
edge1 = hole1.toShape(myFace)
wireb = Part.Wire(bs.toShape())
wire0 = Part.Wire(edge0)
wire1 = Part.Wire(edge1)

# Cut holes in the face
myFace.cutHoles([wire0])
myFace.validate()  # This is required
myFace.cutHoles([wire1])
myFace.validate()

Part.show(myFace)

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