建筑模块

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Arch workbench icon

简介

建筑工作台为FreeCAD提供了一种现代化的建筑信息模型(building information modelling) (BIM)工作流程,它支持的特性有完全参数化的建筑实体,如墙、结构构件、屋顶、窗口、台阶、管道与家具。建筑工作台还支持建筑业国际工业标准(industry foundation classes) (IFC) 数据,以及联合TechDraw工作台制作2D平面布置图。

由于建筑工作台要利用2D对象来构建其建筑对象,因此,它导入了底图工作台(Draft Workbench)中的所有工具。除此以外,建筑工作台亦可使用如零件工具台(Part)零件设计工作台(PartDesign)所创建的对象。

FreeCAD中的BIM功能正逐步拆分至此建筑工作台中,它持有基本的建筑体工具与BIM Workbench,后者可以利用Addon Manager进行安装。本工作台在建筑工具(Arch tools)之上添加了一个新的接口层,目标是令FreeCAD中的BIM工作流程更为直观且更易于使用。

The developers of Draft, Arch, and BIM also collaborate with the greater OSArch community, with the ultimate goal of improving building design by using entirely free software.

Screenshot arch window.jpg

工具

以下这些工具用于创建建筑对象。

  • Arch Wall.svg Wall: Creates a wall from scratch or using a selected object as a base.
  • Arch Structure.svg Structure: Creates a structural element from scratch or using a selected object as a base.
  • Arch Rebar Straight.svg Straight Rebar: Creates a straight reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
  • Arch Rebar UShape.svg U-Shape Rebar: Creates a U-shape reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
  • Arch Rebar LShape.svg L-Shape Rebar: Creates an L-shape reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
  • Arch Rebar Stirrup.svg Stirrup: Creates a stirrup reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
  • Arch Rebar BentShape.svg Bent-Shape Rebar: Creates a bent-shape reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
  • Arch Rebar Helical.svg Helical Rebar: Creates a helical reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
  • Arch Rebar.svg Custom Rebar: Creates a custom reinforcement bar in a selected structural element using a sketch.
  • Arch BuildingPart.svg Building Part: Creates a building part including selected objects.
  • Arch Project.svg Project: Creates a project including selected objects.
  • Arch Site.svg Site: Creates a site including selected objects.
  • Arch Building.svg Building: Creates a building including selected objects.
  • Arch Floor.svg Level: Creates a floor including selected objects.
  • Arch Window.svg Window: Creates a window from scratch or using a selected object as a base.
  • Arch Roof.svg Roof: Creates a sloped roof from a selected wire.
  • Arch Axis.svg Axis: Adds a 1-direction array of axes.
  • Arch AxisSystem.svg Axis System: Adds an axis system composed of several axes.
  • Arch Grid.svg Grid: Adds a grid-like object.
  • Arch Space.svg Space: Creates a space object.
  • Arch Stairs.svg Stairs: Creates a stairs object.
  • Arch Panel.svg Panel: Creates a panel object from a selected 2D object.
  • Arch Panel Cut.svg Panel Cut: Creates a 2D cut view from a panel.
  • Arch Panel Sheet.svg Panel Sheet: Creates a 2D cut sheet including panel cuts or other 2D objects.
  • Arch Nest.svg Nest: Allows to nest several flat objects inside a container shape.
  • Arch Equipment.svg Equipment: Creates an equipment or furniture object.
  • Arch Frame.svg Frame: Creates a frame object from a selected layout.
  • Arch SetMaterial.svg Material: Creates a material and attributes it to selected objects, if any.
  • Arch MultiMaterial.svg Multi-Material: Creates a multi-material and attributes it to selected objects, if any.
  • Arch Schedule.svg Schedule: Creates different types of schedules.
  • Arch Pipe.svg Pipe: Creates a pipe.
  • Arch PipeConnector.svg Connector: Creates a corner or T-connection between 2 or 3 selected pipes.

修改工具

以下这些工具用于修改建筑对象。

  • Arch Survey.svg Survey: Enters or leaves surveying mode.

实用工具

以下这些工具可助您实现一些特定任务。

  • Arch Component.svg Component: Creates a non-parametric Arch component.
  • Arch SplitMesh.svg Split Mesh: Splits a selected mesh into separate components.
  • Arch MeshToShape.svg Mesh to Shape: Converts a mesh into a shape, unifying coplanar faces.
  • Arch CloseHoles.svg Close holes: Closes holes in a selected shape-based object.
  • Arch Check.svg Check: Check if the selected objects are solids and don't contain defects.

首选项

文件格式

  • IFC : 建筑业国际工业标准(Industry foundation Classes)
  • DAE : Collada网格格式
  • OBJ : Obj网格格式 (仅限于导出)
  • JSON : JavaScript对象表示法格式 (仅限于导出)
  • 3DS : 3DS格式 (仅限于导入)

API

Python脚本与宏(macros)中调用Arch Python API函数即可使用本建筑模块。

教程