建筑模块

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Arch workbench icon

简介

建筑工作台为FreeCAD提供了一种现代化的建筑信息模型(building information modelling) (BIM)工作流程,它支持的特性有完全参数化的建筑实体,如墙、结构构件、屋顶、窗口、台阶、管道与家具。建筑工作台还支持建筑业国际工业标准(industry foundation classes) (IFC) 数据,以及联合TechDraw工作台制作2D平面布置图。

由于建筑工作台要利用2D对象来构建其建筑对象,因此,它导入了底图工作台(Draft Workbench)中的所有工具。除此以外,建筑工作台亦可使用如零件工具台(Part)零件设计工作台(PartDesign)所创建的对象。

FreeCAD中的BIM功能正逐步拆分至此建筑工作台中,它持有基本的建筑体工具与BIM Workbench,后者可以利用Addon Manager进行安装。本工作台在建筑工具(Arch tools)之上添加了一个新的接口层,目标是令FreeCAD中的BIM工作流程更为直观且更易于使用。

The developers of Draft, Arch, and BIM also collaborate with the greater OSArch community, with the ultimate goal of improving building design by using entirely free software.

Screenshot arch window.jpg

工具

以下这些工具用于创建建筑对象。

  • Arch CompRebarStraight.png Rebar tools: the Reinforcement Addon augments the Arch Workbench Structures.
    • Arch Rebar Straight.png Straight Rebar: creates a Straight reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar UShape.png UShape Rebar: creates a UShape reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar LShape.png LShape Rebar: creates a LShape reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar BentShape.png Bent Shape Rebar: creates a Bent Shape reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar Stirrup.png Stirrup Rebar: creates a Stirrup reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar Helical.png Helical Rebar: creates a Helical reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar ColumnReinforcement.png ColumnReinforcement: creates a reinforcing bars inside a Column Arch Structure object.
    • Arch Rebar ColumnReinforcement.png ColumnReinforcement TwoTiesSixRebars: creates a reinforcing bars inside a Column Arch Structure object.
    • Arch Rebar BeamReinforcement.png BeamReinforcement: creates reinforcing bars inside a Beam Arch Structure object.
    • Arch Rebar.svg Rebar: creates a custom reinforcement bar in a selected structural element using a sketch.
  • Arch Floor.svg Floor: Creates a floor including selected objects
  • Arch BuildingPart.png Building Part: Creates a building part including selected objects
  • Arch Building.svg Building: Creates a building including selected objects
  • Arch Site.svg Site: Creates a site including selected objects
  • Arch Project.svg Project: Creates a project including selected objects
  • Arch Reference.svg Reference: Links objects from another FreeCAD file into this document
  • Arch Window.svg Window: Creates a window using a selected object as a base
  • Arch SectionPlane.svg Section Plane: Adds a section plane object to the document
  • Arch CompAxis.png Axis tools: The Axis tool allows you to places a series of axes in the current document.
    • Arch Axis.svg Axis: Adds a 1-direction array of axes to the document
    • Arch Axis System.svg Axes system: Adds an axes system composed of several axes to the document
    • Arch Grid.svg Grid: Adds a grid-like object to the document
  • Arch Roof.svg Roof: Creates a sloped roof from a selected face
  • Arch Space.svg Space: Creates a space object in the document
  • Arch Stairs.svg Stairs: Creates a stairs object in the document

修改工具

以下这些工具用于修改建筑对象。

实用工具

以下这些工具可助您实现一些特定任务。

首选项

文件格式

  • IFC : 建筑业国际工业标准(Industry foundation Classes)
  • DAE : Collada网格格式
  • OBJ : Obj网格格式 (仅限于导出)
  • JSON : JavaScript对象表示法格式 (仅限于导出)
  • 3DS : 3DS格式 (仅限于导入)

API

Python脚本与宏(macros)中调用Arch Python API函数即可使用本建筑模块。

教程