建筑模块

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This page is a translated version of the page Arch Module and the translation is 52% complete.
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Arrow-left.svg Previous: Workbenches
Arch workbench icon

简介

建筑工作台为FreeCAD提供了一种现代化的建筑信息模型(building information modelling) (BIM)工作流程,它支持的特性有完全参数化的建筑实体,如墙、结构构件、屋顶、窗口、台阶、管道与家具。建筑工作台还支持建筑业国际工业标准(industry foundation classes) (IFC) 数据,以及联合TechDraw工作台制作2D平面布置图。

由于建筑工作台要利用2D对象来构建其建筑对象,因此,它导入了底图工作台(Draft Workbench)中的所有工具。除此以外,建筑工作台亦可使用如零件工具台(Part)零件设计工作台(PartDesign)所创建的对象。

FreeCAD中的BIM功能正逐步拆分至此建筑工作台中,它持有基本的建筑体工具与BIM Workbench,后者可以利用Addon Manager进行安装。本工作台在建筑工具(Arch tools)之上添加了一个新的接口层,目标是令FreeCAD中的BIM工作流程更为直观且更易于使用。

Screenshot arch window.jpg

工具

以下这些工具用于创建建筑对象。

  • Arch CompRebarStraight.png Rebar tools: the Reinforcement Addon augments the Arch Workbench Structures.
    • Arch Rebar Straight.png Straight Rebar: creates a Straight reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar UShape.png UShape Rebar: creates a UShape reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar LShape.png LShape Rebar: creates a LShape reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar BentShape.png Bent Shape Rebar: creates a Bent Shape reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar Stirrup.png Stirrup Rebar: creates a Stirrup reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar Helical.png Helical Rebar: creates a Helical reinforcement bar in a selected structural element.
    • Arch Rebar ColumnReinforcement.svg ColumnReinforcement: creates a reinforcing bars inside a Column Arch Structure object.
    • Arch Rebar ColumnReinforcement.svg ColumnReinforcement TwoTiesSixRebars: creates a reinforcing bars inside a Column Arch Structure object.
    • Arch Rebar BeamReinforcement.svg BeamReinforcement: creates reinforcing bars inside a Beam Arch Structure object.
    • Arch Rebar.svg Rebar: creates a custom reinforcement bar in a selected structural element using a sketch.
  • Arch Floor.svg Floor: Creates a floor including selected objects
  • Arch BuildingPart.png Building Part: Creates a building part including selected objects
  • Arch Building.svg Building: Creates a building including selected objects
  • Arch Site.svg Site: Creates a site including selected objects
  • Arch Project.svg Project: Creates a project including selected objects
  • Arch Reference.svg Reference: Links objects from another FreeCAD file into this document
  • Arch Window.svg Window: Creates a window using a selected object as a base
  • Arch SectionPlane.svg Section Plane: Adds a section plane object to the document
  • Arch CompAxis.png Axis tools: The Axis tool allows you to places a series of axes in the current document.
    • Arch Axis.svg Axis: Adds a 1-direction array of axes to the document
    • Arch Axis System.svg Axes system: Adds an axes system composed of several axes to the document
    • Arch Grid.svg Grid: Adds a grid-like object to the document
  • Arch Roof.svg Roof: Creates a sloped roof from a selected face
  • Arch Space.svg Space: Creates a space object in the document
  • Arch Stairs.svg Stairs: Creates a stairs object in the document

修改工具

以下这些工具用于修改建筑对象。

实用工具

以下这些工具可助您实现一些特定任务。

首选项

文件格式

  • IFC : 建筑业国际工业标准(Industry foundation Classes)
  • DAE : Collada网格格式
  • OBJ : Obj网格格式 (仅限于导出)
  • JSON : JavaScript对象表示法格式 (仅限于导出)
  • 3DS : 3DS格式 (仅限于导入)

API

Python脚本与宏(macros)中调用Arch Python API函数即可使用本建筑模块。

教程